58 terms

Eng 3 Unit 1

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Terms in this set (...)

Dialect
Varieties of a language that differ from other varieties of thw sane language
Etymology
The study of word origibs
Linguistic
The study of language
Precursor
A person or thing that goes before
Predominance
The state of having power or authority
Sustenance
Nourishment
Phonics
A method that translates a word's sounds into its correct spelling
Pronounce
How you say sounds, words, sentences, etc.
Cognate
A word that has a common origin with another word
Doublet
A cognate whose partner entered the same language at a different time and has a different meaning; same as etymological twin
Etymological Twin
A cognate whose partner entered the same language at a different time and has a different meaning; same as doublet
Triplets
Three cognates in the same language with different meanings
Analogy
A relationship between two words
Connotation
A word's or expression's associated or secondary meaning
Denotation
The exact meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression
Drawl
Speak slowly with words running together
Gibber
Make meaningless noises
Gregarious
Extroverted; sociable; outgoing
Inadvertent
Unintentional
Infer
Determine, deduce, derive
Instigator
Troublemaker; person who entices others to do something
Jocular
In a joking manner; facetious
Levity
Lightness of mind, character, or behavior
Meander
To proceed by taking a winding or indirect course
Personable
Having an agreeable or pleasing personality
Perspicacious
Having keen mental perception and understanding
Reclusive
Solitary; withdrawn from society
Solace
Comfort for grief, sorrow, or distress
Usurp
To seize and hold a position without legal right
Vacillate
Switch between positions; be indecisive
Waver
To sway to and fro; to flutter
Cursive
Flowing writing
Illegible
Impossible or hard to read
Legible
Capable of being read
Penmanship
The art of handwriting
Punctuation
Using certain conventional marks in writing to separate elements and make the meaning clear
Clause
A group of words that contains a subject plus a verb
Complement
A word or a group of words that completes the meaning of a subject and verb
Complex Sentence
A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
Compound Sentence
A sentence that has at least two independent clauses
Compound-Complex Sentence
A sentence with at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent/subordinate clauses
Dependent/Subordinate Clause
A group of words with a subject and a verb but that does not describe a complete thought
Independent Clause
A group of words with a subject and a verb that can stand alone as a sentence; a main clause
Main Clause
An independent clause
Modify
To change slightly the form or qualities of; to alter partially
Phrase
A group of words without a subject and a verb whose job is to act as a single part of speech
Simple Sentence
A sentence that has a minimum of one independent clause
Syntax
The study of the rules for and patterns in building phrases and sentences
Redundancy
Superfluous repetition or overlapping, especially of words
Context
The part of a statement that goes before or follows a specific word or passage and usually influences its meaning or effect
Prepositional Phrase
Preposition + object (noun or pronoun)
Adjectival Prepositional Phrase
Prepositional phrases. Act as adjectives. Modify a noun or pronoun.
Adverbial Prepositional Phrase
Prepositional phrases. Act as adverbs. Modify adjectives, adverbs, and verbs.
Verbal Phrase
Verb that acts as another part of speech (noun, adjective, or adverb)
Participle Phrases
Present or past participle + modifiers or complements.
Gerund Phrase
Gerund + modifiers or complements (acts as nouns)
Infinitive Phrase
Infinitive + modifiers or compliments (acts as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns)
Appositive Phrase
Noun or pronoun + modifiers used to identify, rename, or explain a preceding word.
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