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32 terms

Poetry terms 1

32 of 64 literary terms to know for poetry and beyond
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alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
metric foot
a unit of poetic meter (usually one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables). These terms are used for the metric feet and line lengths most common in English poetry:
ambiguity
unclearness because of having more than one meaning
mood
the feeling created in a reader by a literary work or passage
antecedents
preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later.
narrator
The person telling the story
archetype
A recurring symbol, character, found in myth and literature across different cultures and eras.
ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object, or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates the sound it represents
paraphrase
express the same message in different words
analogy
a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
diminution
a decrease or reduction of size
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
ballad
a song or songlike poem that tells a story
plot
the sequence of events in a story or poem
cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes
connotation
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word
repetition
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
rhyme
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable
couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
sensory images
the use of words to create pictures in the reader's mind; using the 5 senses
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
simile
a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as
atmosphere
a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing