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American History Ch1
Terms in this set (18)
maize (corn) The primary grain crop in Mesoamerica yielding small kernels often ground into cornmeal. Easy to grow in a broad range of conditions, it enabled a global population explosion after being brought to Europe, Africa, Asia.
civilizations and cultures of the americas which flourished prior to the european colonization of America.
was a well-developed trade center near present-day St. Louis.
Christopher Columbus's first concern when meeting Native peoples was
whether or not they had gold.
The dominant religion in Europe in the 15th century was
Europeans came to the Americas
looking for land to acquire, in search of gold, and to spread their religious beliefs.
What played the most decisive role in helping Europeans gain
control of native peoples
What was the Colombian Exchange?
animals, plants, people, and cultures were exchanged between natives and Europeans.
The most devastating aspect of this biological exchange was
he transmission of European diseases to Native Americans.
With the defeat of the Spanish Armada
England could now begin colonizing America.
Which statement best describes the consequences of Spanish colonization
in the Americas?
Native Americans were exploited, enslaved, and exterminated by the Spanish.
In what crucial way did Europeans benefit from the Columbian Exchange?
New crops like corn and potatoes helped Europe's population to grow.
A network of more than 300 city states and upwards of 30 provinces, established in the 14th century under the imperialistic Mexica, or Aztecs, in the valley of Mexico.
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
(June 7, 1494), agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers.
he 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.
a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
or Grand Exchange was the widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade (including African/American slave trade) after Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage.
was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
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