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175 terms

Enjoyment of Music Exam

Which is NOT an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?
The piano.
The chorale is a type of hymn tune created by:
Martin Luther.
The new pre-Classical "sensitive" style, which saw the first stirrings of Romanticism, was called:
The late Renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of:
Claudio Monteverdi.
In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:
Visions that foretold the future, founding her own convent, and writing religious poetry.
Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for:
His red hair.
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
The solo concerto is:
An instrumental work, usually in three movements, that features one performer supported by an accompanying group of instruments.
The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as:
The Florentine Camerata.
Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to:
Killing herself.
The Baroque era witnessed the appearance of the:
Solo concerto and concerto grosso.
Music of the fourteenth century underwent a change of style that became known as:
the Ars nova.
The most important patron of music in the Middle Ages was:
The Roman Catholic Church.
What is the principal element of a fugue?
Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scaled is called:
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
A cantus firmus.
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
An aria.
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
The harpsichord.
When a meloldy is transposed to another key, what remains the same?
The shape of the melodic line.
Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era?
Cello and harpsichord.
The solo instrument in Spring from The Four Seasons is:
The violin.
What does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?
Triadic harmonies.
The Baroque period witnessed a new style of music, which featured a single vocal melody with accompaniment. This was known as:
Vivaldi's music students at the Conservatorio del'Ospedale della Pieta were:
Young women.
The structure known as binary form is:
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:
Word painting.
Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed?
The artificially created male soprano or alto who dominated opera was known as:
The castrato.
The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called:
The concerto.
Begli occhi, by Barbara Strozzi, is written for:
Two sopranos and basso continuo.
The approximate dates of the Baroque period are:
------ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England.
The first era of Western music in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:
Baroque era.
A drama that is sung is called:
An opera.
A short phrase repeated over and over in the bass is called:
A ground bass.
The greatest native English composer of the Baroque was:
Henry Purcell.
Which of the following is a set of forty eight preludes and fugues by Bach?
The Well-Tempered Clavier.
Which does NOT characterize an oratorio?
Elaborate scenery.
How many notes in a scale does an octave span?
The smallest interval in our Western musical system is called:
A half-step.
The text of an opera is called:
The libretto.
Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite
Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
A twelve-tone scale, including all the semitones of the octave, is called:
George Frederic Handel was considered master of:
The oratorio.
The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
The ripieno.
Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
The Four Seasons.
Tonality means that we hear a piece of music in relation to a central tone, called:
The tonic.
How many players are generally necessary to perform a trio sonata?
Which best describes the lyrical melodies of the Classical period?
Conjunct, diatonic, and singable.
All of the following were new opera types that sought to reflect simplicity and real human emotions EXCEPT:
Opera Seria.
A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:
The dreamy first movement of the Moonlight Sonata features:
A singing melody, an accompaniment with arpreggios, and a strophic-like form.
The final section of a sonata-allegro movement, which rounds it off with vigorious closing cadence, is:
The coda.
A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called:
The cadenza.
Mozart's librettist for The Marriage of Figaro was:
Lorenzo da Ponte.
Which character in Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro is best described as a young, innocent man who is in love with love?
A string quartet consists of:
2 violins, viola, and cello.
The overall form of a minuet and trio is best described as:
Beethoven's career is often divided into ----- periods.
Who was Haydn's principal patron?
Prince Esterhazy.
In the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movemet is usually in:
Minuet and trio form.
What is unusual about Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?
There is no break between the third and fourth movements.
How did Haydn's Surprise Symphony earn its nickame?
A surprise loud chord is played in the slow movement.
Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggeled to achieve financial independence?
In sonata-allgro form, the section that features the most tension and drama through modulation and motivic interplay is called:
The development.
Which best describes the opening idea of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?
A four-note motive.
Which best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik?
Haydn enjoyed phenominal musical success with two trips to which country?
Which of the following genres does NOT usually follow the general structure of a multimovement cycle?
Mozart's compositions are often listed by their K numbers, which refer to:
The man who first cataloged his works.
Of the following, which form would be found most likely as the last movement of a Classical sonata or symphony?
The system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called:
Rapid-fire, talky singing whose primary function is to advance the plot in an opera is called:
Which three characters sing the terzetta, or trio, in Act I of Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro?
The Count, Basilio, and Susanna.
How did comic opera differ from opera seria?
It was sung in the vernacular, it presented down-to-earth plots, and it featured ensemble as well as solo singing.
Which of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of a multimovement cycle?
A slow tempo, theme and variations form, and new key.
Music for a small ensemble of two to about ten players with one player to a part is called:
Chamber music.
Beethoven's famous Moonlight Sonata has ------ movements.
The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period was:
The symphony.
Mozart is remembered today as:
The most gifted child prodigy in the history of music.
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, development, and:
How many symphonies did Beethoven write?
The Classical period in music ranged from approximately:
How many movements are in a Classical concerto?
Which composer is noted for his monethematic sonata-allegro form?
Which Western orchestral instrument, or instruments, derive from Turkish military bands?
Triangles, cymbals, and bass drums.
Beethoven's temperment could be best described as:
Explosive and independent.
The instrument which Mozart played and for which he wrote many concertos was:
The piano.
The Classical orchestra, which group of instruments served as the ensemble's nucleus?
Which best describes absolute music?
Music without a story or text.
Which description characterizes the story of The Marriage of Figaro?
It satirizes the upper class.
The first movement of a symphony is usually in:
Sonata-allegro form.
In music compositions, a theme is:
A musical idea that is used as a building block.
The early Classical symphony was characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. These are known as:
Rocket themes.
What is the form of the second movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5?
Theme and Variations.
The third movement of a Classical symphony is most frequently in:
Minuet and trio form.
Using material from an earlier movement in a symphony is called:
Cyclical form.
Beethoven suffered perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?
Puccini's Madame Butterfly ends:
The late Romantic Italian opera tradition was characterized by a movement toward realism called:
What is the typical number of movements found in a concerto?
Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?
Louis Moreau Gottschalk.
Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose?
More than 600.
Which of the following was a widely loved nationalist opera composer?
The German term for the art song is:
Who dies at the end of Rigoletto?
Gilda, Rigoletto's daughter.
Which of the following does NOT characterize the music for Act III, scene 1 of Die Walkure?
Subordinate orchestral role.
Which of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel.
Wagner called his operas:
Music dramas.
Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique is an example of:
A program symphony.
----- is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.
Heinrich Heine.
The familiar tune quoted near the end of Gottschalk's work The Banjo is:
Camptown Races.
Robert Schumann's wife, Clara, was:
The daughter of his piano teacher, one fo the foremost pianists of her day, and the inspiration for A Poet's Love.
During the nineteenth century, concert life began to center in the:
Public concert hall.
The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was:
The piano.
Which best describes the inspiration for Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique?
The actress Harriet Smithson.
A large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument(s) and orchestra is called:
A concerto.
Clara Schumann was a virtuoso performer on:
The piano.
Which best describes the style of the third movement of Brahm's Symphony No. 3?
A melancholic waltz.
Which of the following is NOT a type of orchestral program music?
Of the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?
The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.
The two principal centers of nineteenth century ballet were France and:
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel's Under the Greenwood Tree is written for:
Unaccompanied four-voice choir.
Which is true of Schubert's Erlking?
It is the masterpiece of his youth, it is based on the legend that whoever is touched by the kind of the elves must die, and it presents four characters who are differentiated in the music.
The term tempo rubato means:
Borrowed time.
Instrumental music endowed with literary, philosophical, or pictoral associations is called:
Program music.
The ------ became the most important genre of orchestral music during the Romantic era.
Tchaikovsky's fanciful ballet about a child's Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is:
The Nutcracker.
The librettist for Wagner's music dramas was:
The composer himself.
Chopin is considered to be national composer of:
Which is NOT true of Brahm's German Requiem?
The name of Christ is mentioned throughout.
Schumann's "In The Lovely Month of May" is from which song cycle?
A Poet's Love.
Which composer is known as "the poet of the piano"?
Opera that featured huge choruses, elaborate dance scenes, ornate costumes and scenery, and serious historical plots is called:
Grand opera.
Wagner's cycle of four music dramas is called:
The Ring of the Nibelung.
What scene is depicted in Smetana's The Moldau?
A peasant wedding, nymphs in the moonlight, and patriotic castles.
Chopin is credited with creating:
The modern piano style.
The short, lyric piano piece was the instrumental equivalent of:
The song.
Which composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life to the latter half of the nineteenth century?
A song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called:
Which movement of a symphony is traditionally the slowest?
The second movement.
Brahms wrote no symphonies until he was past the age of forty, in part because he was in awe of the symphonies of:
In Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique, the idee fixe:
Symbolizes the beloved, recures by virtue of the literary program, and unifies the five movements, which are diverse in character and mood.
An Italian comic opera is called:
Opera buffa.
What trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far off lands?
The favorite subjects for the Romantic poets were:
Love, longing, and nature.
Romantic composers sought to make the instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:
In her aria "Un Bel Di" from Madame Butterfly, Cio-Cio-San sings of:
Her wish for her husband to return.
A twentieth-century style that combined elements of Classical and Baroque music with modernist trends.
Tendency to elevate formal above expressive value in music, as in Neoclassical music.
Total abandonment of tonality (centering in a key). Atonal music moves from one level of dissonance to another, without areas of relaxation.
The simultaneous use of two or more keys, common in twentieth-century music.
Compositional procedure of the twentieth century based on the use of all twelve chromatic tones (in a tone row) without a central tone, or tonic, according to prescribed rules.
Twelve-tone Music.
An arrangement of the twelve chromatic tones that serves as the basis of the a twelve-tone composition.
Tone Row.
A vocal style in which the melody is spoken at approximate pitches rather than sung on exact pitches; developed by Arnold Schoenberg.
Comparative study of musics of the world, with a focus on the cultural context of music.
A slight drop of pitch on the third, fifth, or seventh note of the scale, common in blues and jazz. Also "bent pitch."
"Blue" note.
A jazz style that sets syllables without meaning (vocables) to an improvised vocal line.
Scat singing.
Who was the main Impressionist composer we studied and what nationality was he?
Claude Debussy; France.
What is the program, or story, behind Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun?
The text describes a faun, a mythological creature of the forest that is half man, half goat. This "simple sensuous passionate being" awakes in the woods and tries to remember: was he visited by three lovely nymphs, or was this but a dream? He will never know. The sun is warm, the earth fragrant. He curls himself up and falls into a wine-drugged sleep.
Which country started the Expressionist movement?
Which 20th century Russian composer had three periods of composition and also wrote The Rite of Spring?
Igor Stravinsky
What happened at the premiere of The Rite of Spring in Paris, 1913?
The revolutionary score touched off a near riot.
What 20th century Hungarian composer combined folk music elements with European classical style?
Bela Bartok
Who was John Phillip Sousa, i.e. what was he famous for?
America's greatest band master who conducted the U.S. Marine Band from 1880-1892 and later formed the Sousa's Band. Known as "the March King".
Is Billy the Kid an opera, ballet, or a cantata?
What happens to Billy at the end of Billy the Kid?
Billy is tracked down and killed by his childhood friend Sheriff Pat Garrett.
Which country does Mariachi music come from?
Who was the King of Ragtime?
Scott Joplin.
Which American city is the birthplace of jazz?
New Orleans
What instrument did Louis Armstrong play?
The trumpet.
How many bars is in the standard blues song repeating pattern?
What does the "interruption" in Bartok's Interrupted Intermezzo represent?
The Nazi invasion of Russia in 1942.