The force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attraction of a positive ion for a negative ion by sharing electrons.
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particles together in an ionic compound.
A three-dimensional geometric arrangement of particles in which each positive ion is surrounded by negative ions and each negative ion is surrounded by positive ions; vary in shape due to sizes and relative numbers of the ions bonded.
The energy required to separate one mole of the ions of an ionic compound, which is directly related to the size of the ions bonded and is also affected by the charge of the ions.
An ion made up of two or more atoms bonded together that acts as a single unit with a net charge.
A polyatomic ion composed of an element, usually a nonmetal, bonded to one or more oxygen atoms.
electron sea model
Proposes that all metal atoms in a metallic solid contribute their valence electrons to form a "sea" of electrons, and can explain properties of metallic solids such as malleability, conduction, and ductility.
The electrons involved in metallic bonding that are free to move easily from one atom to the next throughout the metal and are not attached to a particular atom.