a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases (main clause is at the beginning)
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for a chapter or other section of a work
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").
deviating from normal rules or methods in order to achiever a certain effect (intentional sentence fragments, for example).
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture.")
the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar ("The doctor wrote a subscription.")
a term describing a character or literary work that reflects the characteristics of Romanticism, the literary movement beginning in the late 18th century that stressed emotion, imagination, and individualism
a construction in which one word is used in two different senses ("After he threw the ball, he threw a fit.")
using one part of an object to represent the entire object (for example, referring to a car simply as "wheels")
a story within a story. An example is Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, in which the primary tales are told within the "frame story" of the pilgrimage to Canterbury
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it ("The pen [writing] is mightier than the sword [war/fighting].")
a strong verbal denunciation. The term comes from the orations of Demosthenes against Philip of Macedonia in the fourth century.
an artistic movement emphasizing the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control