Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Review Pass the Texas Exam ESL
Terms in this set (81)
The study of sounds.
the study of the structure of words and how their meaning is changed
Rules of words that combine to make a sentence or phrase.
The vocabulary of a language.
The study of meaning. How meaning is built, understood, and explained.
Written or Spoken communication.
The way in which context contributes to meaning. Way meaning is implied by context and expressions ex: she's a real genius may mean she is very smart or not very smart."
Makes a difference in the meaning of words ex. MOP and Top
Ability to hear and manipulate sounds and sound chunk.
hear and manipulate individual sounds
Students hear individual sounds in words. Ex: What is the first word you hear in top?
Students hear and identify the same sound in different words.
Students identify which word is different in a list of words based on sounds.
Students put sounds together to make a word.
Break words into individual sounds. Opposite of blending. Ex: How many sounds are in fan?
Students remove a sound from a word and identify what remains. Ex: What word is clap without k?
Smallest unit of meaning in a language a part that changes the meaning.
A conversation or dialogue between two people.
first level of language proficiency acquired by an English leaner (basic everyday conversation skills)
A higher level of language skills that is not apparent in everyday language, but is necessary for academic reading and discussion.
change of form
Repetition of words
particular way of thinking about and mentally responding to a certain event or piece of information
the awareness of one's own cognitive process
are common phrases or sayings whose meanings cannot be understood by the individual words or elements. Examples of these idioms are "Baker's Dozen", "Funny Farm" and "Cold War". Hard for ELL's to understand.
Language is learned by repetition (stimulus/response)
born with language
language and thought; cognitively developed
Language is a function of the child's environment
Acquistion vs. learning
Language is acquired. Language is picked up along the way, rather than in a classroom setting.
Second language acquisition is affected by personal motivation and anxiety levels. Higher stress the less language learned.
Student speaks in only L1
student is silent as he/she listens translating and making connects to L1. May understand language better than being able to verbally use it. (Do not think students are dumb provide yes or no answers and know they are listening)
uses one or two words or phrases in L2 to communicate
CALP; complex academic language
Stages of Cognitive Development (Piaget)
Sensorimotor: learns from senses/motor activity
Preoperational: learns from experiences with the world
Concrete: associates with real experiences and knowledge is gained through doing.
Formal: deals with abstractions
Developed by repeated use of words through social interaction or reading
Words that have similar sounds and mean the same in both languages
Raining cats and dogs (raining heavily)
At every grade level, ESL TEKS are the same as the regular English Language Arts and Reading TEKS. ESL has additional TEKS requiring students to increase proficiency in academic English and develop strategies for understanding and using English.
listening, speaking, reading, writing, viewing/representing
English Language Proficiency Standards
The ability of an individual to comprehend incoming messages and effectively communicate responses in ways that are appropriate for a given situation.
meaning based on gestures, tone of voice, and context
a clause in a complex sentence that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and that functions within the sentence as a noun or adjective or adverb
simple academic questions formed by students to answer their questions, which drives the learning.
Higher order thinking skills
able to think and process information beyond basic concept memory and recall, to be able to evaluate and utilize information learned.
Higher order thinking and be able to use what they know, expand upon it.
Words that students should know instantly without hesitation.
The ability to understand what one has read
way of speaking and explaining that the students can understand (modeling, visuals, hands-on activities, demonstrations, gestures,body language
learner's ability to apply and use grammatical uses, form correct utterances and know how and when to use them appropriately.
language that is used to understand the thoughts, needs, and feelings of others. Usually for reading and listening.
The process of picking up or acquiring a new language.
individualized instruction that is based on student strengths, needs, and learning styles.
Language Proficiency Levels
Beginning, Intermediate, advanced, and advanced high (not grade specific and children may be at different levels in each language area listening, speaking, reading, and writing)
Provides support or help that allows students to build skills in areas of need. Ex: teacher help, bilingual texts, a peer helper, flash card, tutoring.
Linguistically Accommodated Instruction
Teaching that is accommodated to meet the language skill levels of individual learners
Academic classes other than language arts, such as math, science, social studies, visual arts, music, and physical education.
reflects on one's own learning and learning skills.
English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
The Texas Education Agency has adopted language-level descriptors and expectations for English-language learners to replace the English as a Second Language (ESL) standards. School districts are required to implement these expectations as an integral part of the curriculum across all content areas.
Formal and Informal Assessment
Formal are traditional tests. Informal are daily scores or teacher observations.
Language Proficiency Assessment Committee (LPAC)
-determins if a child is LEP
-parent permission required
-must meet twice a year
Formative and Summative Assessments
Formative are tests or observations that are given as concepts are taught. Summative are given at the end of semesters.
(TELPAS) Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System
Annual assessment, includes all four language domains, based on the TEKS and ELPS
(LEP) Policies Limited English Proficiency Policies
Identified based of state established criteria, are part of the total school program, and use teaching methods designed to meet the needs of ELLs
student attends ESL class instead of regular reading or language arts course. Teacher focuses on language and literacy skills. Primarily a high school ESL approach.
Student is pulled out from regular classroom for intensive language instruction with ESL teacher
A short-term support program for students new to English, all students are ELLs, students receive intensive language instruction in L2
Focus is to build skills in both primary and second language simultaneously. Students are taught in both languages either through staggered approach (language of the day) or by alternating languages and content.
ELL student is in a regular classroom.
Student is supported within the regular classroom by ESL teacher
ESL -- Sheltered
Content classes are taught by a teacher certified in content are and ESL.
ELLs are taught in a supported classroom alongside L2 fluent peers.
All instruction is accommodated and scaffolded for ELL's
belief that one culture or language is superior to others.
Cultural Appreciation and Respect
Find common ground, explore and value uniqueness, share personal information and become friends.
Very important in a child's learning. Most of a child's time is spent at home and children who have family support are more successful in school. Reading with the child, monitor homework, encourage the child, take the child to the library.
Communication and Collaboration
Communicate regularly with parents.
LPAC Language Proficiency Assessment Committee
makes decisions regarding the placement, needs, and exit of ELLs in language support programs
Admission, Review and Dismissal Committee (ARD)
makes decisions to support the needs of special education students
Site Based Decision Making Committee (SBDM)
makes decisions relating to student needs at a specific school or campus.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ESL 154 EXCET Test Vocabulary
Praxis ESL Concepts
TExES ESL 154
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
MTEL ESL 54 Glossary/Vocabulary
ESL Certification Test
Texes 154 ESL
TExES ESL supplement exam (154)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
chapter 7: prayer in the life of the believer
1. Endocrine anatomy
Science Study Guide Unit 2: Biology
Psychology Chapter 3 Terms