24 terms

Mayans

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Beginning of the Mayans?
A.D. 300-900
Where did they develop city-states?
Yucatan and Central America
What were two methods they used for farming?
Slash and burn agriculture and Raised fields
What was the largest city?
Tikal
Tikal
Featured many large pyramid temples, they were the tallest structures in North America until 1903
How did trade become possible for the Mayans?
By extensive road systems
Where did wealth come from?
Trade
Who was in the highest social class?
Chiefs
Who was in the second highest social class?
Nobles
Who was in the second to lowest social class?
Priests
Who was in the lowest social class?
Farmers
Who were the rulers?
Traditionally men
Religion?
Polytheisitc
How did the kings gain favor with the gods?
By performing rituals, such as bloodletting
What was the Mayan economy based on?
Agriculture and trade
How did the Mayans trade?
Sometimes by canoe, but most of the time humans carried goods because they didn't have beasts of burden
What were some advances for the Mayans?
Hieroglyphics (written by Mayan scribes), experts at mathematics and astronomy, developed a 365 day calendar, number system with ZERO
Achievements?
Stela (stone monuments), 260 Day Ritual Calendar, 365 Day Solar Calendar, Numbering System
What did the number system include?
Place values and the concept of zero
What was the Mayan writing based on?
Phonetics, symbols, and full words. The Mayans were the first civilization to develop a writing system based on these things.
What was the Mayan math based on?
Based on 20
A dot equals 1; --- equals 5; shell equals 0
How were numbers expressed?
Vertically
What was the reason for the Mayan Civilization decline?
Unknown
Do any Mayans exist today?
Yes, millions of Mayan descendants still exist today
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