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Spartan Terms

Important words and terms about the spartans
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Eurypontid
- Family of one of the kings of Sparta
- Descended from Procles
- Lycurgus was part of this family
Agiad
o Other family of Spartan kings
o Descended from Agis
Periokoi
- "those who dwell about"
- Not citizens of Sparta
- Lived around Sparta in the highlands of Laconia
- Only Spartan people that were allowed to go to other cities
- They would fight for Sparta but were not allowed to marry Spartan women or men
Helots
o "Captives/Slaves"
o Majority of population around Sparta
o Supported the Spartan citizens
o Could be killed by the krypteia
o Mostly from Spartan-conquered Mycenaean cities
Hoplite
o Citizen/Soldier of Sparta
o Fought in a phalanx
o 8 ft spear
o Hoplon Shield
Olympia
o "Shine of the Hoplite Soldier"
Panoplia
o Complete suit of armor and weapons
o Hoplites wore it
o Protected not only one but part of the hoplite next to one in battle
o 60-80 lbs
Gorgon
o Mythological sisters
o Could turn men to stone at sight
Agon
o "Competitive Struggle"
o Played a major role in Sparta
Apothetae
o "Infanticide"
o "Place of Rejection"
o Bad babies were thrown into a chasm at Mount Taygetos
o There way of fixing the population to have the perfect people
Agoge
o "Rearing"
o Men were in it from age 7 to 20
o The Spartan education
o Trained men into fighters
o Made the "earn" their citizenship
Buoy
o "wolfpack"
o Group of young men in the agoge
Krypteia
o Not much known about them
o Lurk around the helots
o If a helot was acting up they would make them "disappear"
Temple of Artemis Ortheia
o Festival
o 12 yr old boys would have to get the cheeses
o 15 yr olds whip the boys while they go for the cheeses
o Test of Endurance
Gymnopaedia
o Festival of naked children
o The children would perform athletics and dance
"war dances"
Gerousia
o The Spartan senate
o 60 yr old Spartan men
o Lycurgus made it
o 30 members
o Made laws for the Apella to vote on
Apella
o Every male homoioi in Sparta
o Vote on laws
o Lycurgus
Basileus
o Sparta had 2 kings
o One would campaign
o Other would stay in city
o Roles of the kings would switch
o Agias + Eurypontid
Melas Zomos
o Traditional Spartan meal
o Black soup
o Boiled pig parts
Polis
city, identity
Paen
sacred song
Phobos
fear that caused Greeks to evacuate when the Persians came
Esoterike Harmonia
state of self-composure, basis for Spartan life
Hoplon
the shield the Spartans used in the phalanx
Charilaus
an elder Spartan
Shell
a helot hut