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ESL Praxis-Professional Issues
Important Laws and Court Cases, Theorists, Learning Theories
Terms in this set (17)
Castaneda vs. Pickard
Segregation of ELL's only permissible when the benefits of remedying language barriers outweigh adverse affects of segregation.
Lao vs. Nichols
can't discriminate based on language and must provide appropriate educational accommodations to non-English speakers. Sued under Title VI of Civil Rights Act
United State code 1703
no state shall deny equal educational opportunity because of race, color, or national origin by the failure of an educational agency to take appropriate action to overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in its instructional programs.
Title VI- Civil Rights Act, 1964
no person because of race, color, or national origin shall be excluded from participation not denied benefits, or otherwise subject to discrimination if program receives federal funds.
prohibits denial of equal access because of limited English proficiency. Specifically prohibits programs that don't teach English as soon as possible, "Dead End Track" programs, requires parents receive information in a language they can understand and prohibits specially ed classification solely because of inability to speak English.
Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974
required schools to design language programs to climate language barriers in schools
Plyer vs. Doe
14th amendment prohibits states from denying a free public education to undocumented children. Prohibits schools from requesting any documentation of legal status.
requires ELL's to receive equal numbers of textbooks and other resources as their English speaking peers and is the section of No Child Left Behind that provides funding and addresses English language acquisition and standards and accountability requirements for limited English proficient students.
requires annual assessment of ELL's in reading and math. Requires annual assessment of ELL's proficiency and progress in English and increases state and local accountability for LEP students' progress.
theorists that introduced BICS and CALPS
Developed very important theory of 2nd language acquisition. Five hypotheses. Acquisition vs Learning, Comprehensible Input, The monitor hypothesis, Affective filter hypothesis and Natural order hypothesis.
learning theory that says learning is a process of stimulus and response. What is reinforced is repeated.
learning theory that says students create their knowledge through real-life experiences
TESOL Appendix A
The ESL Standards for Pre-K-12 students
TESOL Appendix A: Goal 1
To sue English to communicate in social settings
TESOL Appendix A: Goal 2
To use English to achieve academically in all content areas
TESOL Appendix A: Goal 3
To use English is socially and culturally appropriate ways.
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