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love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it. The doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals and the aspiration for national independence felt by people under foreign domination.
This was the civil code put out by Napoleon that granted equality of all male citizens before the law and granted absolute security of wealth and private property. Napoleon also secured this by creating the Bank of France which loyally served the interests of both the state and the financial oligarchy, a comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon, Took away many of the rights gained by women, aimed at reestablishing the "family monarchy". Modified after Napoleon's defeat.
congress of Vienna
an international conference (1814-15) held at Vienna after Napoleons banishment to Elba, with Metternich as the dominant figure, aimed at territorial resettlement and restoration to power of the crowned heads of Europe. Conservative, reactionary meeting, led by prince metternich, restore europe to prerevolution time, Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon, The Quadruple Alliance met, to discuss the Balance of Power. Great Britian got to have their conquered colonies, Austria got Venetia and Lombardy and Polis lands, and Prussia and Russia were compensated.
prince of metternich
1773 - 1859
Born in Coblenz, Germany, Prince Metternich studied at Strasburg and Mainz and became Austrian foreign minister in 1809.
Metternich took a prominent part in the Congress of Vienna and dominated European politics from 1814 to 1848. He acted as the restorer of the 'Old Regime' and the reconstruction of Europe after the Napoleonic wars. To safeguard the balance of power Metternich formed a 'Holy Alliance' between the monarchies of Austria, Russia, Prussia and France.
After the fall of the imperial government in 1848, he fled to England, and in 1851 retired to his castle of Johannesberg on the Rhine.
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