5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Sale of Indulgences
- Diet of Worms
- Philip II
- a abstaining from sexual relations (as because of religious vows), an unmarried status
- b Assembly of the estates of the empire, called by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1521. Luther was ordered to recant but he refused. Charles V declared Luther an outlaw.
- c the issue that initiated the Protestant Reformation--paying a fee to the Church so that a person could escape purgatory and go to heaven (began in the Crusades) used to raise money for the Church
- d king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I
- e the doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
5 Multiple choice questions
- hated man by the Netherlands; chosen by Philip II to suppress the revolt in the Netherlands
- Wars between the French and Germans when the French returned to Italy.
- Concept that Spanish conquerors merely tortured and murdered Indians, stole gold and infected them with smallpox, leaving nothing of benefit
- Huguenot leader after St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
- a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola in 1534 to defend Catholicism against the Reformation and to do missionary work among the heathen
5 True/False questions
Papal Infallibility → a naval battle fought between a Spanish and Venetian fleet and the German navy. The Spanish won. The battle meant that European navies had surpassed the Muslims. The Turks could no longer challenge Europeans on international routes.
Marbury Colloquy → Big debate held by Luther.
Ulrich Zwingli - Swiss, one of the first Protestant teachers. Believed that the bread and wine was figurative.
Luther - bread and wine is Jesus
Catholic church - priest necessary for the miracle.
Luther taught that Ulrich was in error.
Henry VIII → (1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
Henry III → (1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
Politique → A ruler who suppresses his or her religious designs for his or her kingdom in favor of political expediency. Examples: Elizabeth I (England), Henry IV (France).