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40 terms

social studies midterm

STUDY
PLAY
prehistory
history before written records
Neolithic Age
the new Stone Age
Paleolithic Age
the old Stone Age. used stone tools
Hunters and Gatherers
hunted for meat and fish with sticks, stones and bare hands. Gathered fruits, nuts, berries and eggs.
Homo Sapiens
"thinking man." Two kinds, Cro- Magnon and Neanderthal
Australopithecus Afarensis
Lucy. Fossils found in Ethiopia. 1974
Homo Habilis
"skilled man"
Homo Erectus
"walks upright"
Neanderthal
lived in Paleolithic Age. Discovered in Germany. First to bury their dead. Named after a river. (Sloped forehead, bigger nose bone, larger skull, muzzle shaped mouth.)
Cro- Magnon Man
Made tools. Discovered in France. Played music. (shorter nose bone, opposite of Neanderthals.)
Neolithic/ Agriculture Revolution
Happened in the New Stone Age. shift in human history from food gathering to food producing.
Nomadic
people who travel to follow food from season to season.
Sedentary
staying in one place.
Cultivate
prepare for crops.
Hominids
early humans.
Paleoanthropologist
study the biological and cultural development of humans. study remains of hominids.
Archeologist
study the remains of ancient human societies and cultures.
Hammurabi's Code
set of laws put together by King Hammurabi.
"The Land Between the Rivers"
mesopotamia
Six characteristics of civilization
System of government, Food supply, Special different jobs, Classes, Culture, Religion.
Sumer
earliest known civilization. Sumerians were the first city builders in Mespotamia.
Levees
controlled flood waters and irrigated crops.
Irrigation
a way of supplying water to an area of land.
Reign
royal authority. monarchy.
City- State
a city an surrounding territory which also has its own independent government.
Ziggurat
a Sumerian temple which means "mountain god". They served as city centers.
Iraq
present day Mesopotamia.
Ur
City- State in Iraq
Sumerian Gods
personified forces of nature. Wind, rain, sky, sun, moon.
Sumerian Priests
Spiritual leaders who lead most of the very early civilizations.
Priest-Kings
earliest rulers of Sumerian city-states.
Tablet Houses
Sumerian schools.
Cuneiform
Sumerian writing made of hundred of markings shaped like wedges.
Cradle of Civilization
Area around the Tigris River and Euphrates River, and Mesopotamia. Also known as the Fertile Crescent.
Scribes
A student that graduated from school. Also known as a writer. Worked for Temples, the palace, the government or army.
Hereditary
Passed from parent to child.
Sumerian Assembly
...
Gilgamesh
Epic story of King Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality/ a Sumerian legend. Believed to be the first story.
Enkidu
Character in the story of Gilgamesh.
Empire
a group of countries under a single authority. Emperor or Empress.