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Terms in this set (51)
Where is the self?
In your mind. An idea you have based on you.
The self is...
EX: The self you were last night is still the same this morning.
continuous over time and space.
Keeps organized, holds info
the beliefs you have about yourself
EX: Ask yourself a question. "I am..." how you fill in the blank is how you feel about yourself is your self-schema.
if you can link new info to you, more likely to remember it very well "make connections"
the selves we could be most of the time they are positive :RC one day I will become famous
selves we should become or opt to be
based on duty, obligation
the aspects of yourself may be discrepant to one another (Higgins)
This disconnect between selves has emotional consequences
EX: I could be an A student, but I'm not
Where does info about the self come from?
The physical world
Where does info about the self come from in the social world?
1. Explicit feedback from other people
2. Reflected appraisal
3. Social identity
I look at you and i think you think something about me, I might then start to think that as well even though you never said it
we define ourselves in part based on the groups in which we belong
EX: We know MSTATE likes agriculture
we look at our behavior to know something about myself, "why am i doing this?"
EX: Most of my clothes are black so therefore black must be my favor color
curious about the different between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
over justification effect
do something because I enjoy it, like it, choose to
we do it for external reasons, getting paid to do it, expected to do it
Tells us we will see a drop in behavior when you intensify something that was previously intrinsically motivated
You already like to do it, leave you alone. NO incentives
EX: pizzahut rewards
where you find yourself effects how you see the world
They see themselves as unique, distinct, different, independent of others
Independent construal of self
see themselves as connected to other people
when you succeed=internal, when you fail=external
a bias where we assume others are similar to us in attitudes and behavior, can be weird to us that others can be diff. from us
EX: If you just saw a movie and like it-you assume others did too
Most of us think we are better than most people
EX: Are you better than an average driver? If we can't be better, we begin to downplay it. "Doesn't matter anyway"
We exaggerate how unique or positive skills really are
The things I'm good at are special
EX: I tweet funnier things than most people
In predicting our feature, more likely to think better things will happen to me than to most people
Slightly better than most, not diluted
Are we good predictors of our own behavior?
NO but others are better. Never know until you're there
Basking in reflected glory/cutting off reflected failure
EX: Sports attire-wear team colors if won
Profound usage-WE won, they lost
Use this if we want to feel good about ourselves
Comparing ourselves to others, how do I measure up compared to...
Strategic social comparison
Comparing ourselves to someone who is worse off than us
Downward social comparison
Comparing ourselves to people better of than us
Upward social comparison
We maintain our self esteem by...
manipulating our social environment
Creating obstacles (for yourself) that give you ready made attributions for failure but that do in fact increase your likelihood of failure=you are setting yourself up to fail
EX: Going out the night before a test
Feeling good about who you truly are-I am who I am
Feeling good about who you are based on external validation
"I am a good person because I have a lot of friends, a big house, have a lot of money"
EX: How many times did I get a retweet?
Internal (or insecure self-esteem)
A pervasive pattern of grandiosity need for admiration & an exaggerated sense of self-importance
They have a need for admiration, self-importance
An evaluation of an object or person, or concept in a positive or negative fashion
Where do attitudes come from?
the more exposure the more likely you are to have an attitude about it
EX: You associate bad with bad
you are reinforced for bad attitude, like social approval
we can learn our attitudes by watching others
EX: Hate MSTATE once a student at Ole Miss
looking at our own behaviors to assess our attitudes
EX: Do you like Starbucks? I guess I do I have a gold card
we think abut it, what are the pros and cons
How attitudes differ?
1. Implicit-how your brain associates it w/good or bad vs Explicit-self-esteem
2. Attitude valence-ambivalent (either direction, both)
What effects how well attitudes predict behavior?
Level of specificity
Interpersonal aspects of the situation
other situational contexts
The more accessible the attitude is, the more likely you are to behave in accordance with that attitude
more likely when attitudes are strong, stronger attitudes yield more consistent behavior
sometimes there is a disconnect because I asked you the wrong attitude ask about a specific things
EX: Do you like Japanese food? yes Sushi? no
level of specificity
attitudes are more predictive of behavior when it is personally relevant
If that attitude is more relative to you, will behave a certain way
EX: Really want a cocktail for lunch
Friend orders a water so you do it too
Interpersonal aspects of the situation
attitudes toward behavior lead to that behavior
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