resulted as a natural progression from special education for individuals with disabilities
1912 - The Children's Bureau
1st recognition that the federal goverment has a responsiblity to promote the welfare of U.S. children.
1964 - The Economic Opportunity Act PL 88-452
The establishment of the Head Start program for children living in poverty.
1965 - Elementary and Secondary Education Act PL 89-10
Law attempted to correct educational inequalities
1968 - Handicapped Children's Early Education Act PL 90-538
Provided support for model demonstration, training, and dissemination projects in EC education.
1970 - EHA Part B 91-230
Established a grant program for LEA's to provide services to children with disabilities (sought to eliminate inequalities).
1971 PARC v. Pennsylvania Commonwealth
Argued the State of Pennsylvania was violating State statutes and the 14th Amendment.
1972 - Mills v. BOE of District of Columbia
Case declaring students with disabilities must be given a public education. Set precedent tha services must be based on need, not the school's fiscal capabilities.
1972 - Economic Opportunity Act PL 92-424
Mandated Head Start inclusion (10%) of students with disabilities.
1975 - Education fo All Handicapped Children Act PL 94-142
First law to require FAPE be provided to all children. Established the IEP.
1982 BOE v. Rowley
Court ruled that individualized decisions must be made based on the identified needs of each child.
1986 - Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments PL 99-457
Extended the mandate for SPED services to infants and toddlers.
1990 - IDEA PL 101-476
Reauthozied PL 94-142. Changed legal references across the board from handicap to disability.