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27 terms

US History Ch. 3-5 Set 3 (midterm 2012)

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Fighting began in Lexington and Concord when British troops
came to arrest colonial leaders and take colonial weapons
At the beginning of the American Revolution, the British had this advantage
They British had a more weapons and more ships
Battles on the frontier were mostly between
Patriots and Native Americans
Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill a Patriot victory?
The British lost twice as many troops
The Patriots began to feel they could win the war after
The Battle of Saratoga
Spanish attacks on British forts in the South
drew British troops away from battles with Patriots
This contributed to British defeat in the South
The British did not support the Loyalist militias adequately
Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary war,
The Treaty of the Paris
Ceded far more land to the United States than the colonies had won in the war
As a result of the Revolution, women in America
gained respect
After the revolution, the practice of enslaving African Americans was
eliminated in the North
How did the American Revolution affect other countries?
Other republican groups fought to overthrow monarchies
Sugar Act
law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies
Quartering Act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
Stamp Act
A tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Townshend Acts
Import duties the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea
Coercive Acts
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea.
Intolerable Acts
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
What incident led Parliament to withdraw nearly all of Townshend Acts?
Boston Massacre
In what state was the Battle of Trenton fought?
New Jersey
The French made an open alliance with the United States following
the Patriot victory at Saratoga
Loyalists believed
Patriots were breaking the law
Loyalists
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Patriots
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
Why did Thomas Paine's Common Sense inspire colonists?
Paine talked about opportunities for the common man
Who wrote Common Sense
Thomas Paine
The Declaration of Independence was written to
declare independence from the British king