100 terms

APUSH Chpt 4/5

Exam study help
in the years after the Glorious Revolution, political power in England shifted toward
During the first half of the eighteenth century, England's administration of the colonies
was loose, decentralized, and inefficient
During the first half of the eighteenth century, royal official in America
contributed to England's overall lax control of the colonies
By the 1750s, American colonies assemblies
exercised a significant degree of authority to levy taxes
The proposed Albany plan of 1754
revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other
As a result of the Seven year's War, in North America, England
confirmed its commercial supermacy and increased its political control of the settled regions
The major participants in the Seven Year's War, in North America, were
the Iroquois, the English, and the French
During the eighteenth century, in north America, the French differed from the English in Indians relations in that the French
were more tolerant of Indian cultures
During the eighteenth century, in North America, the most powerful native group were the
Through the first half of the eighteenth century, the Iroquois Confederacy formed agreements and traded with
both France and England at the same time
In the aftermath of King George's War
relations between the English, French, and Iroquois deteriorated
What future revolutionary figure surrendered to French forces in 1754 at Fort Necessity in the Ohio Valley?
George Washington
The first clash of the French and Indian War took place near what is now
During the first stage (1754-1756) of the French and Indian War
the Iroquois were allied with the English but remained largely passive
The French and Indian War was fought in
India, the West indies, Middle East
The beginning of the end of the American phase of the French and Indian War was marked
According to the terms of the Peace of Paris of 1763
France ceded all of its claims to land west of the Mississippi River to Spain
Throughout the conclusion of the French and Indian War, American colonists
sold and traded food and other goods with the French
Following the conclusion of the French and Indian War
many colonists resented England's interference in their local affairs
For Indians in North America, British victory in the French and Indian War
had disastrous effects on their future
The French and Indian War in North America
suggested that increasing England's control over the colonies would not be easy
When George III assumed the throne of England, he
was painfully immature
When he became British prim minister, George Grenville
believed the American colonists had been indulged for far too long
The Proclamation of 1763
was supported by many Indian tribes
The Stamp Act of 1765
required colonists to pay taxes on most printed documents
The Paxton Boys and regulators both
demanded tax relief
Legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764-1765 adversely effected American
New England merchants, southern planters, small farmers
The Stamp Act of 1765
helped to unite the colonies in opposition to the English government
Who among the following took the lead in protesting against the Stamp Act?
Samuel Adams
British official Thomas Hutchinson
had his home ransacked by anti-Stamp Act demonstrators
in 1766, in response to colonial protests against the Stamp Act, the British government
rescinded the Stamp Act
The Declaratory Act of 1766
was a sweeping assertion of Parliament's authority over the colonies
The Mutiny (or Quartering) Act of 1765
was regarded by objecting colonists as a form of taxation without consent
The Townshend Duties of 176
were taxes on what were called external transactions
Colonial protests against the Townshend Duties resulted in
many colonists joining in non-importation agreements
In 1770, the Twonsend Duties were ended by
Lord North
The story of the Boston Massacre
was transformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression
The leading colonial figure in the Boston Massacre was
Samuel Adams
English and American supporters of the English constitution felt it correctly divided power between
the monarchy, the aristocracy, and representative assemblies
English and American supporters of the English constitution was
an unwritten document
In the eighteenth century, under the English government's theory of representation
the American colonies were represented in Parliament
Taverns were important in the growth of Revolutionary sentiment because
they become central meeting places discuss ideas about resistance
The Tea Act of 1773
followed a few years of relative calm between England and the American colonies, lowered the price of tea for American colonists, was intended to benefit a private British company
The colonial boycott of tea in 1773
was led by women who were the primary consumers of tea
The Boston tea party of December 1773
triggered acts of resistance in other colonial cities and took place after Bostonian failed to turn away ships laden with tea
Parliament responded to the Boston tea party by
reducing the powers of self-government in Massachusetts
The Quebec Act
granted political rights to Roman Catholics
Which of the following statements regarding the Coercive Acts is TRUE?
Massachusetts became a martyr in the cause of resistance
In 1775, the Conciliatory Propositions
was an appeal by the British government to colonial moderates
The story of Lexington and Concord
occurred before there was a formal American declaration of independence
In 1775, as conflicts with England intensified, American colonists
were deeply divided about what they were fighting for
Published in January 1776, Common Sense was written by
Tom Paine
The author of Common Sense
considered the English constitution to be greatest problem facing the colonists
The Declaration of Independence
borrowed heavily from previously published colonial documents
The war effort by American colonists would be financed primarily by
borrowing from abroad
As commander of the Continental Army, George Washington
was admired, respected, and trusted by nearly all Patriots
As the start of the Revolution, American advantages over the British included a
greater commitment to the war
In the Battle of Bunker Hill
the British suffered heavy casualties
During the phase (1776-78) of the American Revolution, British military efforts were hampered by
a series of tactical blunders and misfortunes
When George Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night, 1776, he was intent on surprising
Among the following, who was NOT a British general during the American Revolution?
Horation Gates
The British military campaigns of 1777 saw
General John Burgoyne suffer a major defeat at Saratoga
During the American Revolution, the Iroquois Confederacy
declared its neutrality
In early 1778, France
worried that the United States would quit the war against the British
Which of the following nations did NOT oppose England during the American Revolution?
in the final phase (1778-81) of the American revolution , the British
badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists
Which of the following statements regarding Benedict Arnold is FALSE?
Arnold spent the last years of the Revolution as a prisoner of war
Which of the following was the scene of a substantial British victory in the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution?
Guilford Court House
The Battle of Yorktown involved
a combined French and American army and navy
The principal Americans who negotiated the peace terms with the British were
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783
the United States gained formal British recognition of American Independence
During the American Revolution, Loyalists
constituted perhaps as many as one-third of the white population
As a result of the American Revolution, the Anglican Church in America was
During the American Revolution, enslaved African-Americans in the colonies
were assisted by the British to escape as a way to disrupt the American war effort
During the American Revolution, the first state to make slavery illegal was
Which of the following statements regarding the American Revolution and Native Americans is FALSE?
American Patriots had generally tried to persuade Indians to be neutral in the War
During the American Revolution, female "camp followers"
assisted in the support of regular troops
In regards to the status of women, the effect of the American Revolution
led some women to question their position in society
In 1776, Abigail Adams was an advocate for
new protections against abusive and tyrannical men
In colonial America, under English common law a married woman
could not own property
Following the American Revolution, as the Republic took shape in the 1780s, greater social importance was attached to women in the role of
Post-Revolution American trade commerce was strengthened by
the closing of British ports to American trade
In the thinking of most American political thinkers, the concept of equality meant
there should be equality of opportunity
For most Revolutionary American political thinkers, the concept of equality meant
there should be equality of opportunity
During the 1780s, in every new state constitution
governors were prevented from holding a seat in the legislature
During te 1780s most state governments
moved to limit popular power
in 1780, Massachusetts sought to revise the power of the governor by
having him elected directly by the poeple
The Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty of 1786
called for a complete separation of church and state
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had the power to
borrow and issue money
Under the Articles of Confederation
each state had one vote in Congress
The Articles of Confederation were adopted when states gave up their
claims to western lands
Shortly after signing the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the British government
restricted American access to British markets
In 1786, a treaty negotiated between the United States and Spain
was never ratified by Congress, thus weakening the national's global prestige
The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785 represented an attempt to
provide for the admission of new states into the union
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
created a single territory out of the lands north of Ohio, guaranteed freedom of religion throughout the effected areas, prohibited slavery within the effected areas
In the early 1790s the efforts of Little Turtle represented an attempt by Indians to
resist by military force white expansion
The 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers
forced the Miami Indians into negotiations with the United States
The 1795 Treaty of Greenville
led the United States to recognize the sovereignty of Indian nations
As leader of a tax rebellion the 1780s, Daniel Shays and his supporters demanded
a moratorium on debt collection
One effect of Shay's Rebellion was it
contributed to the growing belief the national government needed reform