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Unit 1 Test Review AP Human Geography
Terms in this set (44)
What is Globalization?
A process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope.
Globalization's impact on the world
It has produced enormous wealth for actors privileged enough to take advantage of liberal economic policies
Five Themes of Geography
Location, Place, Regions, Movement, Human-Environment Interaction
What did Carl Sauer do that was significant?
Started the field of cultural ecology and mapped the agricultural origins of vegetative planting and seed agriculture
What did Wilbur Zelinsky do that was significant?
discovered the migration transition
What did Torsten Hagerstrand do that was significant?
theorized that innovations of all kinds tend to diffuse from their hearths in stages
Exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
The position of a place relative to another place
Software program that enable users to store and manipulate large amounts of data from GPS and other sources
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recievers.
The ratio between the size of an area on a map and the actual size of that same area on the earth's surface.
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
An area organized around a node or focal point
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
Elements of culture
beliefs, language, rituals, symbols, values
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Types of cultural diffusion
Expansion, relocation, and independent
Time distance decay
the longer and the further it takes for an idea to reach a destination, the less impact
when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people.
a gkobal disease outbreak
Sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
A type of map that displays one or more variables-such as population, or income level-within a specific area.
A map type that shows reference information for a particular place, making it useful for finding landmarks and for navigation.
A map which represents the perceptions and knowledge a person has of an area
a map that shows elevation using lines
a map that shows less detail than is visible in the real world
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Locations on Earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
a unique combination of culture traits for a particular culture group
The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area.
The spread of ideas, innovations, fashion, or other phenomena to surrounding areas through contact and exchange.
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
A doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions.
Lines joining places that have the same temperature
the idea that the natural environment places limits on the set of choices available to people
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
study of the relationships between political, economic, and social factors with environmental issues and changes
science or art of making maps
The "Why of Where"
asks why people live where they do.
human geography without scale.
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