ATFP 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Terrorism
Violence/threat of violence to induce fear and intended to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological
Terrorist Cell
Smallest element at tactical level of terrorist organizations; building blocks for organization
Types of Terrorist Cells
Operational
Intelligence
Auxiliary
Operational Terrorist Cell
Carry out attack or other mission
Intelligence Terrorist Cell
Surveillance and obtain orders and communications from higher ups in the terrorist organization
Auxiliary Terrorist Cell
Collect money, obtain supplies, and provide information on the local area.
Objectives of Terrorism
Recognition
Elimination of Western influence in region
Influence government decisions
Free prisoners
Satisfy vengeance
Roles of the Sentry (5)
1. Control access
2. Detect surveillance
3. Detect/track/assess potential threats
4. Report to Chief of the Guard and sound the alarm
5. Protect personnel & DOD assets
Soft vs. Hard Target
Soft Target - Not paying full attention, not aware
Hard Target - Appear to be fully armed out and ready
Purpose of Warning Shot
Determine suspect intent and deterence
Are warning shots considered deadly force?
NO, not when correctly employed
Other Ways to Deter/Determine Intent
Presence
Buoys
Warning Signs
Radio Hails
Bull Horn
Security Boat Intercept
Siren/Ship's Whistle
Spotlights
Signal Flare
Warning Shot
Criteria for Firing Warning Shots (6)
a. Over water to warn approaching vessels
b. Clear line of fire exists
c. Crew served weapon/rifle
d. Personnel certified under training
e. Tactical direction of authority
f. No other means to deter
Authorized Weapons for Warning Shots
M-16
M-60
MK-46
MK-43
M-240
M-2HB
Warning Shot Ammunition and Bursts
Primarily tracer rounds in bursts of 3-5 rounds
Requirement of an effective warning shot
Leading the target
3 Steps to Firing Warning Shots
Aim
Offset
Depress
Is a warning shot required before using deadly force?
NO, not necessary when protection personnel or assests
What is the most significant decision armed personnel make?
Whether to use force and what level of force should be employed.
How should force be delivered?
Effective and reasonable manner within guidelines
Minimum force necessary
Force
to do violence, compel by physical or intellectual means, achieve/win by strength in struggle or violence
Deadly Force
Force that a person knows, or should know, creates a substantial risk of causing death or serious bodily harm
Serious Bodily Harm
Does NOT include black eye, bloody nose, minor injury.

Does include fractured or dislocated bones, deep cuts, serious damage to internal organs, and other life threatening injuries.
Imminent
Likely to occur at any moment; impending
Combat Mindset
Training of mental preparation = foundation of a successful outcome in any conflict
CJCSI 3121.01B (Encl. "L")
Standing rules for Use of Force for US Forces (SRUF)
SECNAVINST 5500.29C
Use of Deadly Force and the Carrying of Firearms by Personnel of the Department of the Navy in Conjunction with Law Enforcement, Security Duties, and Personal Protection
DoD Directive 5210.56
Carrying of Firearms and the Use of Force by DoD Personnel Engaged in Security, Law and Order, or Counterintelligence Activites
DoD Directive 3000.3
Policy for Non-Lethal Weapons
6 Characteristics of Combat Mindset
Alertness
Decisiveness
Aggressiveness
Speed of Action
Self Control
Determination
2 Types of General Subjects
Passive (don't resist)
Active (do resist)
Purpose of Use of Force Continuum
Determine how to select use of own force based on force used by another person
Use of Force Continuum for Passive Subjects
Level 1-Presence
Level 2-Verbal Commands
Level 3-Soft Control
Use of Force Continuum for Active Subjects
Level 4-Hard Control
Level 5-Non-lethal force
Level 6-Deadly
3 Legs of the Deadly Force Triangle
Opportunity
Capability
Intent
When should a weapon be removed from the holster?
When there is reasonable expectation that weapon use may be necessary.

Drawing weapon DOES NOT mean the individual must use the weapon.
Use of Force Must Meet the Following Criteria
Intensity
Duration
Magnitude

**based on totality of circumstances to counter the threat
During escalation, must the continuum be followed in sequential order?
NO, but during de-escalation, threat should be warned and given opportunity to withdraw or cease
Non-lethal Weapons (NLW)
Provide "lesser means" that could be used prior to using deadly force
Example of NLWs
Rubber bullets
Pepper spray
Baton
Working dog
When is deadly force justified?
Extreme necessity
Lesser means have been exhausted
Lesser means are unavailable
Lesser means cannot be reasonably employed
Conditions when Deadly Force Can Be Used
Inherent right of self defense
Defense of others
Assets vital to national security
Inherently dangerous property
National critical infrastructure
Serious offenses against people
Escape
Arrest/apprehension
Sentry
Sentinel/lookout; constantly alert/vigilant
Post
Area where sentinel or lookout is required to be for performance of duties
Standing Orders
CO's basic guidelines as to how the security will be conducted
Duties of a Sentry (8)
Control access (check IDs and cars; use access list)
Detect surveillance
Detect, track and asses potential threats
Report to the chain of command
Provide a detailed and descriptive reports
Take immediate action
Protect personnel and DoD assets
Project a hard target
Authority of a Sentry
Within limits, has authority over all persons on their post
Conduct searches
Medical Emergency at Entry Control Points (ECP)
Communicate situation to ensure it's a real emergency
Maintain ECP control
Secure the post only if first aid is required or as directed
Contact medical responders
Force Protections Conditions
FPCON Normal
FPCON Alpha
FPCON Bravo
FPCON Charlie
FPCON Delta
FPCON Normal
General global threat, routine security posture
FPCON Alpha
Increased general threat, nature and extent is unpredictable
FPCON Bravo
Increased or more predictable threat exists
FPCON Charlie
Incident occurs or intelligence indicates likely threat
FPCON Delta
An attack has occurred or intelligence received indicating an imminent threat against a specific location
Random Antiterrorism Measures (RAM)
Required in FPCON Alpha and Bravo
Selected measures from higher levels to supplement basic FPCON measures already in place
Defense in Depth
Organize and create a multi-layered defense and defensive measures that support one another
3 Layer Zone of Defense
Assessment zone
Warning zone
Threat zone
Watch Turnover Procedure
Senior member of guard force (usually Chief of the Guard) holds a guard mount
Guard Mount
Ensures all incoming sentries are present and capable of standing post
Review rules of engagement
Layered Defense
Principal method to organize the operational environment
Zone Sizes and Location Factors
Host nation restrictions
Geography
Threat assessment
Capabilities of security forces
Proximity to targets
Characteristics of Assessment Zone
Outermost defense
No boundaries
Detect and identify contacts as they approach/pass near
Watch standers given anticipated access roster of ships
Characteristics of Warning Zone
Classify contacts as threat/not threat
Interact w/ contact to determine hostile intent
Classification and warning zone are based on threats
Characteristics of Threat Zone
*NOT AUTO KILL ZONE*
Innermost layer
Contacts must be classified before this zone
Deliver maximum destructive force
Tactical Boats
Called upon to protect both stationary and moving High Value Assets (HVA)
Security Forces
Inspect and maintain positive control over approaching vessels before allowing access to service the ship
These forces should support and be additional to security boats patrolling the area
Locations of Likely Swimmer Launch Points
Based on tides and currents around protected asset
Pre-planned Responses for Engaging a Possible Swimmer Threat
Randomly conduct security boat patrols
Rotating screws/ cycling rudders
Maintain sea suction
Activate sonar
Man hoses
*hostile intent determined*
Concussion grenades
Activate sonar (high power)
Apply lethal forces
Search
Quest for incriminating evidence
Contraband
Material that the possession of which is, by its nature, illegal
Seizure
taking possession of a person or some item of evidence in conjunction with investigation
Act is separate and distinct from the seizure
Inspection
An examination to maintain good order and discipline and maintain mission readiness
Factors Defining When Search and Seizure Will Apply
Quest for evidence
Conducted by government agent
In an area where reasonable expectation of privacy exists
Agents of the govn't look and seize only...
items that provide some link to criminal activity
Seizure of Government Property
Govn't agents can search for and seize property for any or no reason
Presumption that no privacy expectation exists
3 Rules of Military Inspections
Ensure mission readiness is part of duties and responsibilities
Do not single out one person or group
Totally exhaustive or done on random basis
3 Things that Make Inspections Unlawful and Rend Found Evidence Invalid
Occurs after report of offense and not previously scheduled
Singles out specific individuals for inspection
Inspects some people more thoroughly than others
Antiterrorism Tactical Watch Officer (ATTWO)
Tactically employs command assets to defend the unit against terrorist attack when in port
***Reports to CDO
ATFP Communications (4)
2 Types of R/T Circuits (tactical and administrative)
2 Types of R/T Nets (directed and free)
Query and warn aircraft w/ MAD and IAD
Query small boats via Channel 16
***Use plain language
Notional Watch Stander Comms
Primary - hand held two way
Secondary - shipboard telephone
Tertiary - IMC
Intel Gathering
Accomplished at ALL echelon levels
Intel's Job Prior to Entering Port
Provide a threat assessment based on analysis of the full range of adversarial capabilities and a prediction of intention
Threat Level
Degree to which environment is conducive to conducting terrorist ops in a specific country, region, locale
High Threat Level
Terrorists are active. Large casualty attack, high DOD presence. Environment favors terrorists
Significant Threat Level
Terrorists present but limited. Personnel attack. Operational environment is neutral
Moderate Threat Level
Terrorists present and no indication of anti-US activity. Operational environment favors US
Low Threat Level
No group/activity detected
DOD Level Threat Dissemination
Defense Intel. Agency (DIA) and Joint Intel Task Force-Combating Terrorist (JITF-CT): Provides info and analytical resources to support Combatant commands
Combatant Commanders Threat Dissemination
Own intel center (N2 or J2) that support subordinate commands (ships)
DIA
Defense Intelligence Agency- sets DOD threat level for all countries
Difference between Threat Levels and FPCONS
FPCONS are a security posture and NOT used in National Homeland Security Advisory System
Import Security Plan (ISP)
Supplements standing AT plans with specific event-specific procedures relevant to own ship
Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA)
Agreement between host country and foreign military forces in that country
Establishes rights and privileges of foreign personnel present in a host country
Anti-Terrorism Plan
Standing ship specific antiterrorism plan developed by the Security Officer/AT Officer and ATFP Board