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Politics of the United States
AP Government SCOTUS Cases
Terms in this set (35)
Abington Township v Schempp
Students cannot be forced to recite prayer
Barron v Baltimore
5th Amendment (eminent domain) did not apply to the states but only to federal government. Supreme Court does allow for selective incorporation.
Brandenburg v Ohio
KKK protests tested the clear and present danger.
Chaplinsky v New Hampshire
"Fighting words" are not protected by the First Amendment.
Citizen's United v FEC
Allows independence corporations spending on campaigns cannot be limited.
Cox v New Hampshire
The Supreme Court ruled that local government may require advance notice of a demonstration.
Edwards v South Carolina
A state cannot make criminal the peaceful expression of unpopular views.
Engle v Vitale
No school led daily prayer allowed in public schools.
Ex Parte Milligan
Case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the federal government could not establish military courts to try civilians except where civil courts were no longer functioning in an actual theatre of war.
Gideon v Wainwright
States must provide attorney for accused in state courts.
Gitlow v New York
Limits on "anarchy" but free speech incorporated. Supreme Court says the First Amendment applies to states.
Gregg v Georgia
Death penalty upheld within the 8th Amendment.
Hazelwoof v Kuhlmeir
School newspapers can be censored by teachers/administrators.
In Re Gault
Juvenile offenders have due process.
Kelo v City of New London
Private property taken by eminent domain for use by private developer constitutional if used for "public good".
Lemon v Kurtzman
Some government aid to parochial schools if it passed the "Lemon Test".
Mapp v Ohio
Warrants needed for evidence to be used (exclusionary rule). Evidence illegally gathered by the police may not be used in a criminal trial.
McDonald v Chicago
The Second Amendment that allows the people to keep and bear arms applies to state governments as well as the federal one.
Miller v California
Upheld stringent application of CA obscenity law (Miller Law). Obscenity defined as appealing to prurient interests of an average person with materials that lack literary, artistic, political or scientific value.
Miranda v Arizona
Politics must explain rights at the time of arrest - Miranda warnings.
Near v Minnesota
No "prior restraint" of the freedom of the press.
New Jersey v T.L.O.
School searches are permissible without warrants.
New York Times v Sullivan
To libel a public figure, there must be actual malice.
New York Times v United States
The ruling made it possible for newspapers to publish the then-classified Pentagon Papers without risk of government censorship or punishment.
Palko v Connecticut
Supreme Court says that states must observe fundamental liberties.
Reynolds v United States
Freedom of religion is not allowed if practices were judged criminal. Bigamy case and the free-exercise clause.
Reno v ACLU
Tested Communications Decency Act (internet cannot be censored).
Roth v United States
Obscenity is not free speech.
Santa Fe Independent School District v Doe
No school-led prayers at extra-curricular events.
Schneck v United States
Speech may be punished if it creates a clear-and-present-danger.
Terry v Ohio
Police can search and seize with probable cause.
Texas v Johnson
Flag burning is a form of protected political/symbolic speech.
Tinker v Des Moines
Public school students may wear armbands to class protesting against America's war in Vietnam when such a display does not disrupt class.
United States v Nixon
Executive privilege does not extend to criminal cases.
West Virginia Board of Education v Barnette
Saluting the flag violated the First Amendment.
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