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2nd set comparison warrant thru inference

comparison warrant

a warrant based on shared characteristics and circumstances of two or more thing or events


a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor

concrete language

language that describes specific, generally observable persons, places, or things; in contrast with abstract language


the non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning


reasoning by which we establish that a conclusion must be true because the statements on which it is based are true


an explanation of meaning of a term

definition by negation

defining a thing by saying what it is not


the strict, literal dictionary definition of a word


related to style, writer's word choices


facts or opinions that support an issue or claim


from the Greek, means teaching


an ethical appeal in classical rhetorical study


a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept

extended definition

a definition that uses several different methods of development

extended metaphor

a metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work


something that is believed to have objective reality

factual evidence

support consisting of data that is considered objectively verifiable by the audience


an error of reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorrect inference

false analogy

assuming without sufficient proof that if objects or processes are similar in some ways, then they are similar in other ways as well

false dilemma

simplifying a complex problem into an either/or dichotomy

faulty emotional appeal

basing an argument on feelings, especially pity or fear

faulty use of authority

failing to acknowledge disagreement among experts

figurative language

writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning

figure of speech

a device used to produce figurative language


a statement of general principle derived inferentially from a series of examples


the major category into which a literary work fits

hasty generalizations

drawing conclusions from insufficient evidence


a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement


the sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions

independent clause

a grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb


reasoning by which a general statement is reached on the basis of particular examples


to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented

comparison warrant

a warrant based on shared characteristics and circumstances of tow or more things or

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