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33 terms

Deena's AP lang rhetorical quiz #2

2nd set comparison warrant thru inference
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comparison warrant
a warrant based on shared characteristics and circumstances of two or more thing or events
conceit
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor
concrete language
language that describes specific, generally observable persons, places, or things; in contrast with abstract language
connotation
the non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning
deduction
reasoning by which we establish that a conclusion must be true because the statements on which it is based are true
definition
an explanation of meaning of a term
definition by negation
defining a thing by saying what it is not
denotation
the strict, literal dictionary definition of a word
diction
related to style, writer's word choices
evidence
facts or opinions that support an issue or claim
didactic
from the Greek, means teaching
ethos
an ethical appeal in classical rhetorical study
euphemism
a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept
extended definition
a definition that uses several different methods of development
extended metaphor
a metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work
fact
something that is believed to have objective reality
factual evidence
support consisting of data that is considered objectively verifiable by the audience
fallacy
an error of reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorrect inference
false analogy
assuming without sufficient proof that if objects or processes are similar in some ways, then they are similar in other ways as well
false dilemma
simplifying a complex problem into an either/or dichotomy
faulty emotional appeal
basing an argument on feelings, especially pity or fear
faulty use of authority
failing to acknowledge disagreement among experts
figurative language
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning
figure of speech
a device used to produce figurative language
generalizations
a statement of general principle derived inferentially from a series of examples
genre
the major category into which a literary work fits
hasty generalizations
drawing conclusions from insufficient evidence
hyperbole
a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
imagery
the sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
independent clause
a grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb
induction
reasoning by which a general statement is reached on the basis of particular examples
inference/infer
to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
comparison warrant
a warrant based on shared characteristics and circumstances of tow or more things or