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100 terms

vocab

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Abate
to reduce or lessen; to subtract from an amount
Abject
being the most contemptible or miserable kind, as in They live in abject poverty.
Affable
gentle and gracious; approachable
Altercation
an angry verbal dispute
Animosity
bitter hostility or hatred
Antecedent
a preceding occurrence or cause; (adj.) preceding in time or order
Arrears
unpaid debts or obligations
Assiduous
diligent
Augur
to make predictions based on signs or omens; (n.) a soothsayer (e.g., Tiresias)
Aversion
a feeling of intense dislike
Camisole
a woman's negligee jacket
Capitulate
to surrender; to yield
Caricature
a grotesque representation; (v.) to imitate in an exaggerated manner
Circuitous
going in a roundabout or indirect manner
Clemency
an inclination to show mercy; an act of mercy toward an offender
Commiserate
to express sorrow or pity; to sympathize with
complacent
self-satisfied; almost smug
consign
to give over to the care of another; entrust; to deliver for custody or sale
conspicuous
easy to notice; obvious
corroborate
to strengthen or support with other evidence; to make more certain [takes an object]
deference
courteous respect
deign
to do something below one's dignity; to condescend [followed by an infinitive]
despondent
dejected; hopeless
dissipate
to drive away or disperse; to waste or squander recklessly
efficacy
power to produce a desired effect; effectiveness
Epoch
a particular time or period in history
Eugenics
the study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding.
Euphemism
a neutral or inoffensive expression that takes the place of an offensive one. [peacekeeper for nuclear bomb]
Euphony
an agreeable sound
Evanescence
the quality of lasting only a short time
Exhort
to urge, advise, or caution earnestly
Expeditious
characterized by promptness; quick
Expunge
to erase or obliterate
Fidelity
faithfulness to one's duties and obligations
Glib
ease of speech or writing that suggests insincerity
Gregarious
sociable; fond of the company of others
Hegemony
the predominant influence, as of a state, region, or group, over another or others
Hortatory
describes speech that urges some kind of conduct [this is sort of an adjective form of exhort]
Hypochondria
excessive worry or talk about one's health
Icon
an important or enduring symbol
Imperative
obligatory; compulsory
Impecunious
having little or no money; poor
Implacable
incapable of being appeased or pacified
Imponderable
difficult to evaluate precisely
Impugn
to attack as false or questionable; challenge in argument: [impugn a political opponent's record.]
Impunity
exemption from punishment
Inanimate
lifeless; spiritless
Incommunicado
without the means or right to communicate: [the prisoner was held incommunicado]
Incorrigible
incapable of being corrected or reformed
incumbent
imposed as an obligation or duty; lying or resting on something else; currently holding a specified office
infallible
incapable of erring or failing
Inscrutable
not easily understood; mysterious; unfathomable
Insolent
boldly rude or disrespectful
Internecine
pertaining to a conflict or struggle within a group; mutually destructive
Inundate
to overwhelm, as if with a flood
Juncture
the act of joining; a place where two things are joined; a critical point in time
lethargy
a state of sluggishness, inactivity, and apathy
levity
lightness in manner or speech, especially when inappropriate
Licentious
sexually unrestrained; lewd
Lucrative
profitable
Luddite
a person who is averse to technology or technological progress
Luminary
a person who attained eminence in his or her field; a celestial body, such as the sun or moon
Magnanimous
generous and noble in spirit, understanding, and tolerance
Malaise
a vague feeling of weakness or discomfort
Malfeasance
misconduct by a public official
Malign
to speak harmful untruths about; to slander. (adj.) injurious; slanderous
Malinger
to fake an illness to avoid work
Mendacious
someone who lies a lot; false or untrue
Mercenary
a soldier hired into foreign service. (adj.) motivated by desire for money or material gain
Modicum
a small, moderate amount
Obliterate
to do away with completely; to wipe out or rub off
Ominous
menacing or threatening; foreshadowing evil
Ostensible
apparent; how something appears
Palaver
idle talk or chatter. (v.) to talk profusely or idly
Pandemic
widespread; in medicine this refers to a disease prevalent throughout a region
Peccadillo
a minor sin or offense
Penchant
a strong inclination or liking for something
Pernicious
causing insidious harm; injurious; hurtful
Perpetuate
to cause to continue indefinitely
Pilfer
to steal a small item or to steal in small quantities
Propensity
an inclination
rejoinder
an answer, especially to a reply
render
to cause to be or become; to present for consideration or approval; to provide or make available
retaliate
to return evil for evil; to pay back an injury in kind
Ruminate
to reflect on over and over [takes an object: ex. Jane ruminated on the matter for days.]
Sagacity
wisdom
Sallow
sickly yellow
Sanguine
cheerfully optimistic; red; the color of blood
servile
befitting a servant or slave; abjectly submissive
spectral
ghostly; resembling a ghost
Stint
a length of time spent in a particular way. (v.) to restrict or limit in amount or number
Stolid
impassive; revealing little emotion
Sumptuous
luxurious; lavish; entailing great expense
Supercilious
arrogantly overbearing
tremulous
timid or fearful
trenchant
hard-hitting and forceful (often used to characterize writing or speech)
Ubiquitous
everywhere
Verity
the state of being true
Vermin
destructive animals or insects (rats, cockroaches); loathsome or offensive people
Vindicate
to clear from accusation or suspicion