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140 terms

religion 7 Mid-term

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Constantine
Roman emperor who signed the edict of Milan.
The Nicene Creed
Was written in 325 A.D. in the city of Nicaea, Turkey.
Arius
A heretic who did not believe that the Holy Trinity was consubstantial.
Holy Bible
Sacred Scripture
Theocracy
Government run by clerics claiming divine authority.
Temporal
Temporary, of this world, not eternal.
Pilgrimage
Journey to a shrine or sacred place
Lay person
Laity, person who is not a member of the clergy.
Pax vobiscum
Peace be with you
The nativity of Mary
When Mary was born
Moral law
Do good and avoid evil
Material world
The body, animal,s plants, inanimate creation
Spiritual world
God, angels, the soul
Diligence
To persevere in our spiritual life
Humility
Seeing ourselves as we truly are
Temperance
Using created goods well, with proper limits.
Patience
Putting God and others before ourselves, acting with gentleness.
Liberality
Generosity with our goods and talents
Chastity
Generosity with ourselves and temperance with our desires
Avarice
Greed, excessive desire for things. Capital sin.
Charity
Love, allows us to love God and our neighbor out of love of God. Theological virtue
Envy
Jealousy over the good fortune of another. Capital sin
Faith
Believing in God through accepting the message of Jesus. Theological virtue
Fortitude
Bravery or courage in the face of fear. Cardinal virtue
Gluttony
Excessive desire for the pleasurable experience of good or drink. Capital sin
Hope
Enables one to trust in eternal life because God wills it. Theological virtue
Justice
giving each person what is rightfully his. Cardinal virtue
Love
To act with God and others in mind. Theological virtue
Lust
Desire that does not respect the gift of the body or sexuality. Capital sin
Meekness
Appropriate self-control
Pride
Unhealthy love of self. Capital sin
Prudence
Choosing the correct behavior. Capital virtue
Sloth
Lack of desire to do one's duties, spiritual laziness. Capital sin
Wrath
Excessive desire for revenge. Capital sin
Corpus Christi
Feast in honor of the Institution of the Eucharist. Body of Christ.
Theological virtues
Faith, hope, and charity deal directly with our relationship with God.
Cardinal virtues
Prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude are the virtues of good actions.
Creed
Latin- credo, I believe. Our belief as Christians.
Gospel
Good News
Intelligent designer
Everything directed by an intelligent being.
Ash Wednesday
the first day of lent
Holy Thursday good Friday and holy Saturday are the
Triduum
Covenant
Promise
Dogma
Belief
Pagan
Heathen, a follower of polytheistic religion (as in ancient Rome)
Dignity
Self respect, rights from God, worthiness
Piety
A virtue that can mean religious devotion, spirituality, or a combination of both
Divine
Of, relating to, or proceeding directly from God or a god.
The old testament
Was written in Hebrew
The new testament
Was written in Greek
Sacred tradition
A Holy story that is passed on Orally.
Sacred Scripture
Can be the Gospels
The magisterium
The teaching authority that is made up of the Pope and Bishops
The Holy Trinity
The Father the Son and the Holy Spirit
Gabriel
The angels name that told Mary she was going to have Jesus
The edict of Milan
Contract in 313 A.D. to stop the persecution of Christians
Nicene Creed
States the belief of Christians
The city of Nicaea and the city of Constantinople
Are both in the country of Turkey.
Secular
Non-religious
Providence
God's all wise plan for the universe.
Faith
Believe in God
Apostolic succession
the bishops stretching back to the apostles.
Heretic
A dissenter from established religious dogma
Revelation
Revealed through the Bible's teaching
Free will
The ability to choose between right or wrong, good or evil
Conscience
The ability to judge between right or wrong, good or evil.
Deity
Holy, divine, or sacred, held in high regard, a God, or supreme being.
Begotten
Came from the father
Jesus
The Savior, the messiah.
The Christ
The Savior, the messiah.
Reason
The power to understand feel emotions and have relationships.
Soul
Gives us reason (intellect) and free well.
The soul
Can be made by God alone.
Assumption
When Mary ascended into heaven body and soul
Ascension
Jesus ascends to heaven body and soul.
The 10 Commandments
Some of the rules and regulations of the Bible
Rabbi
Teacher
Original sin
Separation between God and man passed to all people.
Atonement
Become one with God
Ethical
Moral principals
Consubstantial
Of the same substance, essence.
Validate
To recognize, establish, or illustrate worthiness.
Christmastide
Christmas eve to the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord
Lent
Begins on Ash Wednesday and Ends on Holy Thursday
Gentile
Not-Jewish
Pharisee
Member of a Jewish sect -100 BC to 100 A.D.
Minister
A person authorized to conduct religious worship, clergy, Pastor.
Servitude
Slavery or bondage of any kind
Gratitude
Thankful
Ingratitude
Thanklessness
Anointing
Consecrate or make sacred in a ceremony that includes the applying of holy oil chrism
Chrism
Holy oil
Confer
To present or bestow upon as a gift, give.
Blessing
A favor or gift bestowed by God.
Blasphemy
Impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things
Impius
Not pious, irreverent, lacking in reverence, or proper respect
Decalogue
The 10 Commandments
Reverence
Attitude of deep respect, veneration.
Reverent
Deeply respectful
Irreverent
deficient in veneration or respect.
Liturgy
A particular form of Eucharistic service.
Holy Eucharist
Sacrament of Holy Communion, sacrifice of the mass, giving of thanks, thanksgiving.
Consecrate
To make or declare sacred.
Sacred
Dedicated to a deity, consecrated, holy.
Homily
A sermon
Sermon
A discourse for the purpose of religious instruction.
Holy week
The week preceding Easter Sunday
Ascension Thursday
40 days after Jesus rose from the dead. Jesus ascended body and soul into heaven.
Pentecost
50 days after Jesus rose from the dead. The descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles.
Idolatry
Religious worship of idols, reverence, devotion.
Sacrilege
The violation of anything sacred.
Sin
Deliberate violation of some religious,moral principle.
Virtue
Moral excellence, goodness, righteousness.
Grace
God showing his love for you even though you don't deserve it
Ignorant
Lacking in knowledge or information.
Salvation
Deliverance from the power and penalty of sin, redemption.
Redemption
Deliverance from sin, salvation
Temptation
Acting contrary to the right reason and the Commandments of God
Evil
The opposite or absence of good. Morally wrong or bad.
Solemnity
Principal day in the church's liturgical calendar.
Dispensation
Exemption from a church law.
Doctrine
Truths or dogmas, taught or advocated, as of a religion.
Eternity
Infinite time, duration without beginning or end.
Ethical
Moral, honest, virtuous, righteous.
Oath
Vow, pledge, invocation to God to witness the truth of a statement.
Invocation
Appeal, request to a higher power for assistance.
Infallible
Inability to err in matters of faith and morals. Incapable of error.
Fallible
Capable of making errors.
Ecclesiastical
Pertaining to or of the church.
Incarnate
A God taking on human form.
Heaven
The dwelling of God. The communion of life and love with God.
Hell
The dwelling of the devil. The self- exclusion from communion with God.
Consubstantial
Identical in substance or essence though different in aspect.
Immaculate conception of Mary
When Mary was conceived without original sin and she was full of Grace.
Annunciation
The angel Gabriel told Mary she would be conceived with Jesus.
Conception of Jesus
Mary became the mother of Jesus by the power of the holy spirits who came from the father.
Holy Communion
The reception of the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist.
Confirmation
This sacrament confers special graces of the Holy Spirit.
Pope John Paul II
The first and only Polish pope.
Pope Benedict XVI
The current Pope, who is of German heritage.