Terms in this set (55)
President of the Constitutional Convention. Our First President of the US; helped select the place for our permanent capital (Washington, D.C.); the only President to not serve in Washington. Set many of the presidential precedents...serving only 2 terms for example.
Father of the Constitution. Fourth President of the US. First President to ask Congress for a Declaration of War (War of 1812).
Author of the Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) during the Constitutional Convention...stating that representation in Congress would be based on both population and equality.
Selected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention from Virginia, but refused to attend...he said he "smelled a rat". Believing that the leaders were up to something. He was also an outspoken leader of the Anti-Federalists.
Served as Washington's Secretary of State, Adams's Vice President, and our 3rd President. He authorized the Louisiana Purchase.
Served as Washington's Secretary of the Treasury. He was the author of our early financial policy. Also one of the leaders of the Federalists and Federalist Party.
Served over 30 years as our Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Appointed by John Adams. Was a devout Federalist. Created Judicial Review.
Old Hickory. US General during the War of 1812. Won the Battle of New Orleans...catapulted him into the national spotlight which would eventually lead to his Presidency.
William Henry Harrison
Territorial Governor of Indiana. Defeated the Shawnee Confederacy at the Battle of Tippecanoe Creek. General and war hero for the US during War of 1812.
Native American leader...attempted to create a confederacy in the Wabash Valley. Fought with William Henry Harrison. His warriors were defeated by Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe Creek. He went on to fight with the British during the War of 1812...died at the Battle of the Thames.
Leader of the Miami Confederacy. Was defeated by Anthony Wayne at the battle of Fallen timbers in 1794. Forced to sign Treaty of Greenville in 1795.
First Vice-President. Second President. Dealt with the x, Y, Z Affair and the two year undeclared war with France. Legacy seems to be tied to the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Negotiated the treaty with Spain that gave us the Right of Deposit in New Orleans.
Was our nation's first chief justice. Helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris 1783. Also negotiated Jay's Treaty.
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Led the Corp of Discovery on their exploration of the Louisiana Territory.
Shoshone woman that helped Lewis and Clark...without her help, the expedition of the Louisiana Purchase would not have been possible.
Vice President under Jefferson. Was involved in the fiasco that was the election of 1800. Most well known for killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
Fifth President of the US. Helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase and the Treaty of Ghent.
Articles of Confederation
Our first national government, written and approved during the Revolution.
Land Ordinance of 1785
One of the bright spots of the Articles of Confederation...it was a plan for surveying all of the federal land. It stated that all New states would be on equal footing. Also included a provision for land set aside for public education.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Stated that the land would become no less than 3 states and no more than 5 (created 5 - Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, ILLINOIS). It also set the basic requirements for territories to become a state.
Rebellion originating in Western Massachusetts between farmers and the state government over taxes. Led to the call for a Constitutional Convention.
Meeting in Philadelphia where we threw out the Articles of Confederation and created a new government.
aka the Connecticut Compromise. Fixed the problem with how to organize the new Legislative branch.
Dealt with how to count slaves. 5 slaves were equal to 3 whites.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Legislation passed during the Adams's administration to deal with opposition to his party's politics. It made it more difficult for immigrants to become citizens as well as allowing the President to imprison people who publicly disagreed with him.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
The Republican response to the Alien and Sedition Acts. Stated that the state governments could choose what federal laws not to follow.
Group that led the charge for ratifying the Constitution.
Group that opposed the ratification of the Constitution...hence the "anti"!
Set of 85 essays written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. They promoted the ratification of the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Federal Constitution...covered ideas like freedom of speech, right to a speedy trial, and protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
18th power given to Congress...allows them to stretch the Constitution w/o actually changing the language. Allows them to do what is necessary and proper.
a physical change to the Constitution.
required the vote of 9 of the 13 states.
Right of Deposit
the ability to trade at a port.
The idea that the regions of the US developed differently.
The power of the Supreme Court to review laws and lower court cases...established by Justice John Marshall with the court case Marbury v. Madison.
members of Congress, primarily from the West and South, who were in favor of going to war with Great Britain.
Battle of Ft. McHenry
Star Spangled Banner.
Battle of New Orleans
Biggest US victory...took place two weeks after the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
Land deal with the French that nearly doubled the size of our great nation for a mere 15 million dollars.
Jefferson's attempt at dealing with foreign trade issues, said that we were not allowed to trade with any foreign nation.
Opposition to the War of 1812
Primarily led by Federalists in the Northeast. They opposed the war for political reasons...they favored stronger ties to the British, which was not part of the Republican plan.
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that brought an end to the War of 1812.
The First National Bank
Cornerstone of Hamilton's financial program.
Election of 1796
Presidential election that ended with a President of one party (Adams - Federalist) and a Vice-President of another (Jefferson - Republican).
Election of 1800
Presidential election that ended in a tie between Jefferson and Burr...36 ballots later in the House of Representatives, Jefferson became our third President.
Marbury v. Madison
Supreme Court case that created Judicial Review.
Negotiated with Spain...gave us the right of deposit in New Orleans.
Foreign policy statement written by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams...stated that the western hemisphere was closed to further colonization.
During John Adams's presidency...situation where French officials demanded a bribe from our country if we wanted to negotiate.
"Rebellion" in Western Pennsylvania over the new excise tax. Was more about a show of force by the new National Government.
Judiciary Act of 1801
Dubbed the "Midnight Judges" by the Republicans, this legislation allowed President Adams to put more Federalists in positions within our Judicial Branch.
Federalists (political party)
Strong Central Government, Republic of Wise Elite, Supported Business, Feared the Mob, Led by Hamilton and Adams.
Wanted Strong State Governments, government based on the virtuous farmer, supported agriculture, led by Jefferson and Madison.
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