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APUSH Semester 1 Round 2
Bianchi's Chapters 1-20 Vocabulary Review Part Two
Terms in this set (49)
Church system set up by the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony wherein each local church served as the center of its own community
Religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy.
Began the idea of the Great Awakening in Massachusetts in 1730s.
The first successful colony; funded in 1607 by the Virginia Company and originally lead by John Smith; many died and focused too much on gold and profits; bad location, weather and leadership.
Parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
(1620) Colony founded by the Separatist Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower. Located in New England.
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
He was governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for 19 years.
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preached a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity; under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania.
As early as 1502; The practice of holding people against their will and making them work without pay; started by foreigners brought to Jamestown by the Dutch.
Delegates are usually white, proestant, male land owners; make laws for the colonials call for taxes and build roads; raise money to support the cololinals militia.
First Great Awakening
The First Great Awakening was a time of religious fervor during the 1730s and 1740s sparked by Jonathon Edwards and led by George Whitefield. The movement arose in reaction to the rise of skepticism and the waning of religious faith brought about by the Enlightenment.
(1767) The act that put taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
(1785) How to survey, then settle, in an orderly fashion, western lands north of the Ohio river.
(1787) Considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states.
Hamilton's Economic Program
1. Assume the revolutionary war debt of all thirteen states 2. Pay off in full the debt of the government for the reputation of the new nation 3. Establish a bank like the bank of England 4. Negotiate a trade agreement with Great Britain 5. Impose tariffs to encourage and protect domestic manufacturers---NOT FREE MARKET.
Election of 1800
Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
Scheme by Vice-President Aaron Burr to lead the succession of the Louisiana Territory from the US and create his own empire. He was captured in 1807 and charged with treason. Because there was no evidence or two witnesses he was acquitted. Marshall upholds the strict rules for trying someone for treason.
Forcing people into military or public service.
Battle of New Orleans
Battle of New Orleans: January 1815. Resounding victory of American forces against the British, restoring American confidence and fueling an outpouring of nationalism. Final battle of the war of 1812.
Era of Good Feelings
A newspaper term used to describe the two terms of President James Monroe. During this period, there was only one major political party, the democratic-republicans; it was therefore assumed that political discord had evaporated.
Dormitories for young women where they were cared for, fed, and sheltered in return for cheap labor, mill towns, and homes for workers to live in around the mills- Goes toward Dowries for women.
A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.
Panic of 1837
When Jackson issued the Specie Circular to force the payment for federal lands with gold or silver. Many state banks collapsed as a result. A panic ensued (1837). Bank of the U.S. failed, cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and there was widespread unemployment and distress.
Issued by Jackson - attempt to stop states from speculating land with money they printed that was not approved; in payment for public lands, the government would accept only gold or silver.
Tariff of Abominations
(1828) Favored manufacturing in the North because it put a high tax on imported goods.
An American political party formed in the 1830s to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats, stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements.
Maysville Road Veto
A veto by Jackson that prevented the Maysville road from being funded by federal money since it only benefited Kentucky. This was a blow to Clay's American System, and it irritated the West.
French political writer noted for his analysis of American institutions (1805-1859).
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized. She and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. Advocated suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
Seneca Falls Resolution
Women's convention in New York to advocate women's suffrage/liberalism.
Declaration of Sentiments
Seneca Falls Convention in 1848- modeled after the Declaration of Independence; demanded for the right to vote and declared that all "people are created equal".
(Onieda, Brookwood farm) Perfectionism; some radical groups attempted to create utopian societies based on communism and equality.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stressed self-reliance, optimism, self-improvement, self-confidence, and freedom. He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement.
Gave over half of undisputed territory to U.S. and northeast boundary, settled Aroostook War.
President who acquired lots of land from Mexican-American War; figure in Manifest destiny and gain of the Oregon territory.
(1846) Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico.
(1850s) Nativist party that advocated temperance- which was anti-immigrant because Irish and Germans drank.
Pro-slavery faction in Kansas tried to get a state constitution passed. It was rejected by Kansas, making Kansas an eventual free state.
John Brown's Raid
(1859) Abolitionist John Brown seized the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry; planned to end slavery by massacring slave owners and freeing their slaves. He was captured and executed.
Bill of Rights
The most major concern of the Antifederalists. The belief in this was a product of the belief that no government could be trusted to protect the liberties of its citizens.
(1865-72) Created to aid newly emancipated slaves by providing food, clothing, medical care, education and legal support.
Election of 1864
Peace Candidate George McClellan v. Lincoln.
Laws made in the South during Reconstruction to gain control over black workers.
Mostly African Americans were tenants on whites land and would pay a fixed rate or give the land owner part of the crop to pay rent.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights.
Civil Rights Act
(1866) Grant citizenship to blacks and it was an attempt to prohibit the black codes. It also prohibited racial discrimination on jury selection. The Civil Rights Act was not really enforced and was really just a political move used to attract more votes. It led to the creation and passing of the 14th amendment.
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