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First semester Exam study


a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue


Organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in the proportion of 1:2:1.


something that causes an important event to happen

Chemical Bond

the force that holds two atoms together

Covalent bond

a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule


a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes


the process of extracting moisture


an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up


any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions


a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color


a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds


an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents

Nucleic Acid

an organic compound, either RNA or DNA, whose molecules are made up of one or two chains of nucleotides and carry genetic information


macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes


a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers


ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and that plays a role in protein synthesis


the substance acted upon by an enzyme or ferment

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