French and Indian war
Terms in this set (24)
Proclamation of 1763
First restraint put on colonist, they could not settle of West appellation Mountains. Colonists are angry
Stamp act 1765
A tax on all paper and legal documents imposed on Colonists ; king needs money to defend the colonists. Colonists boycotted British goods. colonial protests "no taxation with out representation"
Declaratory act 1766
Declared the supreme Authority to govern the colonies. Parliament
England needs money to pay for troops and expenses taxes imposed on goods brought into the colonies imports such as class paper paint lead and tea. Colonists boycotted British goods
Boston massacre March 5, 1770
Soldiers fired into the crowd killing five colonists's. Sons of use this for propaganda. John Adams defends the soldiers
Tea act 1773
England also clamps down in smuggled T Holland by giving the British East India Company over all of American Tea trade. Colonists are outraged
Boston tea party 1773
On December 16, 1773 sons of liberty Borges three tea ships dressed as Native Americans. 342 chests of tea were dumped into the Boston Harbor
Intolerable acts 1774
Serious of laws to punish Boston for the tea party. Port of Boston would be closed until T was paid for. Committees of correspondence were banned
First. Continental. Congress 1774
Until intolerable acts are repealed. Form militias
Lexington and Concord April 19, 1775
Bostonians are storing arms nearby in Concord. Colonial militia engages the British in Lexington who then move to Concord where over 4000 colonist fend off the British. These were the shots heard around the world
Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775
Agree to form the Continental Army with George Washington as a commander-in-chief of the Army. print paper money to pay troops
Common sense January 1776
By Thomas Paine. Argued that a complete break with England was needed.tried to persuade loyalist to become patriots
Declaration of Independence July 4, 1777
Congress adopts a resolution allowing the 13 colonies to set up a government. A committee was formed to write the draft; Jefferson was the key writer. All those signed were committing treason.
Which groups thought against each other?
French army. French colonists. Heron/Algonquin tribes
English army. English colonists Iroquois tribes
Why did they fight?
Control of the for fur (beaver) trade and set a settlement in the Ohio River valley
Who were the militia officers or political leaders involved in the war?
George Washington. Edward Bradock. William Pitt.
Where were the battles fought?
North America/Canada. Ohio River Valley
How did the war end?
British win in North America by taking control of quebec & Montreal out. They also to see the French forces in other parts of North America.
What happened after the war?
Native Americans attack British soldiers and settlers in pot rebellion. Proclamation of 1736 is issued - colonists cannot go west of appellation Mountains. Colonists cannot move on their own. Colonist must pay taxes to cover the expenses of war.
How did the fur trade help cause the war?
Both French and English wanted furs.
What was decided by the war?
Gave English control over much of North America.
What caused conflict in the Ohio River Valley?
By the 1750s British traders had moved into the Ohio River Valley British settlers also planned to move there the British threaten the French for trade, so the French build forts to protect the area.
What actions did the French take to keep the British out of the Ohio River Valley?
Took over for necessity and Bilt fort Duquesne
What was the turning point in the French and Indian war?
The British sent General Edward Braddock and 2100 men to fight the French at fort what's the British were surprised and defeated by fever and 900 French and Native American troops.