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Kinetic theory of matter

states that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion


a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter


units that temperature is measured in


a device that measures temperature by regular change in the material inside it


flow of energy due to temperature differences

thermal energy

the total random kinetic energy of particles in an object


the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by one degree C


standard unit of energy

specific heat

the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance one degree centigrade


the transfer of heat within a material or between materials that are touching


a material that easily allows the flow of electricity


a material that does not transfer energy easily


a process that moves energy throught large numbers of particles in a gas or liquid moving in a particular direction


energy that moves as electromagnetic waves

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