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law that doesn't involve criminal matters. also known as tort law. Usually deals with rights of individual groups and businesses
preponderance of the evidence
standard of proof used in a civil suit; the amount of proof that a party must have to win a case.
basic principle of our legal system, limits government to powers provided by people
checks and balances
the power of each of the branches of the government to limit the power of each other
bill of rights
the first ten amendments the the constitution, they guarantee basic rights to citizens
states that U.S. laws and treaties must be followed, even if even if state and local laws disagree
judicial system used in the U.S. It allows parties to present evidence to an impartial group or judge
European form of judicial system where judges help gather evidence and question witnesses
removal for cause
part of jury selection process. after voir dire. it is the process when lawyers can change jurors if they think that they aren't impartial
error of law
a mistake made by a judge in legal procedures or rulings during a trial that can allow the case to be appealed
in a trial, written opinion of the minority of judges who disagree with the majority
powers granted to congress in the constitution, also called enumerated or expressed powers
petitions for certiorari
formal application by a party to have a decision by a lower court reviewed by a supreme court
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