39 terms

5th Grade Poetry

STUDY
PLAY
speaker
the narrator of a poem
stanza
a group of lines arranged together
couplet
a two line stanza; usually rhymes
rhythm
can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration, repetition
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
free verse
no repeating patterns of syllables, usually no regular rhyme, often sections with no size standard, modern
rhyme scheme
a pattern of end rhyme; this pattern is shown with letters at the end of each line
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line, or lines very close to one another
slant rhyme
end rhyme that is close but not exact
onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name
alliteration
(usually consonant) sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
consonance
repeated consonant sounds in middle or ends of the words
assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
simile
a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes on for some time in the work
conceit
when a metaphor extends throughout the poem
hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis
personification
an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like and/or human qualities
symbol
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
allusion
a reference in a literary work to something widely known, whether mythology, religion, culture, history, or other.
imagery
language that appeals to the five senses
sonnet
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme
concrete (shaped) poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem
connotation/denotation
subtle meaning of a word as separate from its dictionary definition; usually clearly negative or positive
iamb
metric pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
trochee
metric pattern consisting of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
archaic language
old-fashioned phrasing or word choices
anapest
three-syllable metric foot, stress on third syllable
dactyl
three syllable metric foot with stress only on the first syllable
paradox
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
blank verse
poetry written in un-rhymed iambic pentameter
tercet
a three line stanza
quatrain
a four line stanza
repetition
repeated use in poetry of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
theme
central idea of a work of literature
tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious, grieving, critical, or humorous).
mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
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