11 terms

(Chapter 1) Organ Systems & Major Functions

The 11 different organ systems, their main functions and the organs found in the system
integumentary system
provides a protective barrier for the body, contains sensory receptors for pain, touch, temperature
organs found: skin, hair, nails, glands, nerves
skeletal system
protects major organs, provides levers and support for body movement
organs found: bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments
muscular system
moves bones and maintains posture
organs found: smooth muscular tissue, skeletal tissue, cardiac muscle
nervous system
controls cell function with electrical signals
organs found: brain, spinal cord, nerves
endocrine system
controls cell function with hormones
organs found: pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovary, testis
cardiovascular system
transports nutrients, chemical messengers, gases and wastes in blood
organs found: heart, blood vessels
lymphatic system
returns fluid to cardiovascular system, detects, filters, and eliminates disease causing organisms.
organs found: red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes
respiratory system
adds oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from blood.
organs found: nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchus
digestive system
breaks down food into units that can be absorbed by the body
organs found: oral cavity, esophagus, liver, stomach, large/small intestine, rectum, anus
urinary system
removes wastes, maintains body fluid volume, pH and electrolyte levels.
organs found: kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
reproductive system
produces gametes, female organs provide environment for development of fetus
organs found: (male) prostate gland, penis, testis, scrotum, ductus deferens (female) mammary glands, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube