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Terms in this set (78)
A minor member of the ruling Party in near-future London, Winston Smith is a thin, frail, contemplative, intellectual, and fatalistic thirty-nine-year-old. Winston hates the totalitarian control and enforced repression that are characteristic of his government. He harbors revolutionary dreams.
Winston's lover, a beautiful dark-haired girl working in the Fiction Department at the Ministry of Truth. Julia enjoys sex, and claims to have had affairs with many Party members. Julia is pragmatic and optimistic. Her rebellion against the Party is small and personal, for her own enjoyment, in contrast to Winston's ideological motivation.
A mysterious, powerful, and sophisticated member of the Inner Party whom Winston believes is also a member of the Brotherhood, the legendary group of anti-Party rebels.
Though he never appears in the novel, and though he may not actually exist, Big Brother, the perceived ruler of Oceania, is an extremely important figure. Everywhere Winston looks he sees posters of Big Brother's face bearing the message "BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU." Big Brother's image is stamped on coins and broadcast on the unavoidable telescreens; it haunts Winston's life and fills him with hatred and fascination.
An old man who runs a secondhand store in the prole district. Kindly and encouraging, Mr. Charrington seems to share Winston's interest in the past. He also seems to support Winston's rebellion against the Party and his relationship with Julia, since he rents Winston a room without a telescreen in which to carry out his affair. But Mr. Charrington is not as he seems. He is a member of the Thought Police.
An intelligent, outgoing man who works with Winston at the Ministry of Truth. Syme specializes in language. As the novel opens, he is working on a new edition of the Newspeak dictionary. Winston believes Syme is too intelligent to stay in the Party's favor.
A fat, obnoxious, and dull Party member who lives near Winston and works at the Ministry of Truth. He has a dull wife and a group of suspicious, ill-mannered children who are members of the Junior Spies.
Another figure who exerts an influence on the novel without ever appearing in it. According to the Party, Goldstein is the legendary leader of the Brotherhood. He seems to have been a Party leader who fell out of favor with the regime. In any case, the Party describes him as the most dangerous and treacherous man in Oceania.
What is the environment like?
A military environment, nothing's green, unnatual
What does the name Winston mean?
friendly country (ironic)
How is London now?
under extreme rule, cold and mucky, barely any life
What can Winston remember about his memory and how does it affect him?
He can't remember anything although he tries to recall London before the party. It affects him tremendously, because he's utterly miserable in the year of 1984. He has nothing to compare life now to, this is normal for him.
How do the party slogans have paradoxical truth?
The citizens of London know no different than to rely on war, it kept them busy--> peace. This is Winston's normal. If they were granted freedom, they wouldn't even know what to do with it. It's easier to be told what to do instead of being granted the action of choice.
What is Newspeak?
The official language of Oceania. It takes out words that they don't think are useful. They're losing the ability to articulate their own thoughts, lowers the range of thought. Winston writes a gory story that his language/writing is horrible (emotion)
Who is O'Brien?
a member of the Inner Party who Winston has a particular feeling is part of of the Brotherhood--> unorthodox
Who is the girl with the dark hair?
a member of the party named Julia who Winston is attracted to but he "hates". He doesn't trust her and thinks she might be a member of the thought police--> orthodox
Who is Goldstein?
the enemy of the party and the people--> was once one of the leaders of the party but rebelled and fled (he might be made up to make the citizens mad)
What is the two minutes hate?
The stuff within the 2 minutes hate is absolutely disgusting and gory. Every single person is either watching the screen completely stone faced or yelling at the screen, like Julia. The party wants to create hate within the citizens, specifically for Goldstein. People are obliged to join in.
Who is Big Brother?
He isn't a real person, just the face of the party. It makes people want to cheer for him.
What is thoughtcrime?
when someone has creative, unorthodox thoughts specifically against Big Brother and the party, which is NOT allowed
What is Mrs. Parson's life like?
Her house is disgusting and gross. The kids are taking control because Mrs. Parson's knows that they could turn her over to the thought police. The kids feel as though they are spies or the "thought police"
What is Ingsoc?
Ingsoc means "English Socialism". Winston feels like he's always being watched and can't ever be himself
What does O'Brien say to Winston in his dream?
"We will meet in a place where there is no darkness"
What does Winston remember in his first dream?
He remembers his mother and his baby sister and imagines them drowning or falling down to their death. He feels like he chose something over them. He might be remembering what life was like before the party. Winston woke up saying "Shakespeare"--> irony, he wouldn't survive in this world
What is the Golden Country and who does Winston picture it with?
It was a very green pasture, a sunny environment. A perfect place where Winston could set his worries about the party free. He pictures it with Julia, and this might be an inkling that this was what London was like before the party
What is the telescreen?
It works like Facetime, someone can always see him, watching him constantly. Winston hates it, always tries to get out of the view. The party puts them everywhere to make sure nobody is committing thoughtcrime or doing anything against them.
Where does Winston work?
He works at the Ministry of Truth where he alters newspaper articles to satisfy the falsehood of the party
What was the role of the great purges?
what happened in Russia was kinda pushed into England--> unorthodox citizens that were against the party were kicked out
Who is Syme? What is his and Winston and Syme's relationship like? Why does Winston think that Syme will be vaporized?
Syme is one of the guys that works at the Ministry of Truth. Winston doesn't like him at all because he's always in his business. Syme know's too much and even talks about it to others--> too smart for the party (could ultimately outsmart them)
Why will Parsons never be vaporized?
He's the "cheerleader for the party". He's a fan of the party and is just happy with whatever they do or change, not very intelligent , doesn't know anything better
How is desire thoughtcrime?
They get what they need, like food and water to survive. But desire reflects wanting more, rejecting what the party gives them
What does the party want to control?
Who are the proles and how are they different than Winston?
They are the lower class that is the largest group of society (85%). They aren't monitored at all or given the constant messages from Big Brother--> don't really care about anything. Their individual world is more important to them, could easily rebel so party tells them barely anything
What does the old children's textbook say?
They make it sound like Big Brother came and "saved the world"
Who are Jones, Aaronson, and Rutherford?
They were part of the party but then "rebelled" against big brother. Winston found a picture of them at the exact date they were accused of going against the party. He finds out they were told to lie, which gives him his sanity.
"Under the spreading chestnut tree, I sold you and you sold me: There lie they and here lie we under the spreading chestnut tree". Why is this sung?
represents betrayal--> original represents comfort (parents to kids)
What does Winston see at the prole area when a bomb goes off?
a severed hand--> normal for them
What is Winston's conversation like with the old prole man?
Winston wants to find out information about the party before the revolution--> he was very difficult to understand and got nothing out of it
What does Winston buy at the antique shop and why does he buy it?
He buys a glass/coral paperweight because it's beautiful and he likes it because its not useful.
What does the note say that Julia gives to Winston? What about this incident shows elements of humanity?
"I love you"
but she doesn't really love him--> lust, desire
Why does Julia give Winston hope?
He has finally found someone like him--> knows she's against the party, finally finds something that he wants *
reason to live
How must Winston and Julia meet?
they first meet at victory square (where there are thousands of proles) and then Julia leads Winston back into the woods where there are no telescreens
What do we know about Julia? How do we know Julia is more "experienced"?
she's a little mysterious--> calls him "dear" and already knows his name. This is all a game--> proud that Winston thought she was a member of the Thought Police
Why is Winston uncomfortable with Julia's openness about the party? What is different about the two?
Winston thinks someone might be around to hear, even though he knew that where they are is safe. Julia swears a lot, which is against party policy and Winston rarely swears. Julia never actually says "party" because she hates them so much
How is desire different for Winston and Julia than for the average person today?
They couldn't have pure lust or love. No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred due to the party This was a blow against the party, or a political act.
Why do only women work for Pornosec?
Men are more tempted--> instinctive desire, party wants to take that away
Winston says, "we are the ____"
What realization has Winston made that Julia's optimism blinds him from?
The moment you go against the party, you are dead. Julia thinks that she can defeat the party, but Winston knows that it's impossible
What are the words of the song that the big lady prole sings below Mr. Charrington's room?
"It was only an opeless fancy,
It passed like an Ipril dye,
But a look an' a word an' the dreams they stirred
They 'ave stolen my 'eart awye!"
common culture, distracts proles to be commonly united
This foreshadows the fact that Winston and Julia's relationship is only a dream and that it will be short
What about Winston changes after Julia and he meet?
His desire for her changed. She had become a physical necessity, he wanted her and felt he had a right to want. He felt like she had cheated on him. He wished they were married
What does Winston and Julia see in their apartment?
What does Winston describe as a vision that he has when he sees the rat?
He's standing in front of a wall of darkness and on the other side is something dreadful, and he knew what it was
Who does Winston gain more of the words of the song "Oranges and lemons, say the bells of St. Clement's" from? Why is this so important to him?
Winston knows that there was a time where everything wasn't restricted
How does the narrator describe the paperweight? Why is it so significant?
The paperweight could represent escape, from their real world like he does with Julia. It represents their small encapsulated life. Winston's world is so dull that just looking at the beautiful paperweight has sparked extreme fascination
What is victory gin?
It's some sort of sedative, to take their mind away from their own problems. It makes people eventually lose some of their memory (may even be poisonous), which is a "victory" for the party
What is the difference between how Julia and Winston see the party falsifying records?
Winston sees the photograph as a symbol of the past, one piece of evidence that's survived and proves the party's lies. Julia doesn't understand how different life was before the Revolution.
What is in Winston's second dream? How does Julia react when he tells her?
His family was starving and his father had left them. Winston was a selfish child, stealing their only food and he feels like it was his fault his mother might be dead. Julia doesn't even care, she just says all little boys are like that.
What is Winston's realization about the proles?
He realizes that the proles are actual human beings and are loyal to each other. Everyone underestimates them, but they have feelings too
What kind of questions does O'Brien ask Winston? Why?
O'Brien asks Winston a bunch of questions that make sure he would be 100% loyal to the Brotherhood and that he would be ready for the commitment and consequences yet to come.
What does Winston appreciate about the book?
The fact that he was safe and himself, with no telescreen or the need to make sure he wasn't being watched
What is the purpose of constant war? What is it most important to maintain?
Why is it important for scarcity to prevail even among the upper classes?
The upper class has so many benefits while the outer party has barely anything. The government wants to prevent the people from uniting and rebelling
Why must there be no contact with foreign countries?
You never know who's on your side. In each country, there are many people of different nationalities that when once conquered, they could eventually take over Oceania. The party does not want their citizens to make contact with foreigners because they will realize that not all people live the ridiculous, controlled life that they do.
Why did the invention of print make it easier to manipulate opinion, but why was this harder with the invention of the television?
How is the party structured?
Big Brother holds all power--> Inner Party--> Outer Party--> Proles (85%)
-membership isn't hereditary
-proles aren't allowed to be in the Inner Party
-admission is by examination, taken when 16
-no racial discrimination
-Jews, Negros, South Africans are the highest ranks of the party
Why is doublethink necessary for leadership in the Party?
Why is Winston so enamored with the woman who gives him the last lines of the song he has gathering verses of?
She had no mind. She was a prole, in which Winston just read was the future of the party and their only hope. She was immortal
As Winston and Julia are caught, what breaks? What is this symbolic of?
The paperweight breaks and this ends his humanity and his unknown and perfect world with Julia is ending. It represents their life ending.
How does O'Brien view what reality is?
The party can create a same reality for every person--> can't happen, not possible
"Only the disciplined mind can see reality..." "Reality is not external. It exists in the human mind..." "Only in the mind of the party. It is impossible to see reality except by looking through the eyes of the party"
Can the party or O'Brien change history according to him?
Since O'Brien is part of the party, they both can change the past without records proving anything's existence. Things will be forgotten and the people that do hold the memories will soon die along with them
Does the past exist if no one remembers it?
The past did physically exist, but nothing can be proven if nobody remembers it. The people that control the memories, control the past.
What elements of desire and "humanity" does the Party plan to obliterate according to O'Brien?
No emotions except for fear, rage, triumph, and self-abasement. Their world is founded on hatred
Why is the removal of these elements of humanity the plan, according to O'Brien?
They make people human, and the way they are. Anything that gives people power is taken away due to worries of rebellion. The party does not want over-achievers and characteristics that make people different.
Can human desire be taken away with enough torture and pain?
The only thing that torture can do is cause them to fear desire. They act as if it is not there although they do still possess it. In the end, they will always end up winning.
everyday things (eating, drinking, etc)
What is hopeful about the appendix?
Past tense is used, which shows that the party does not exist anymore
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