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60 terms

Pottery Vocabulary

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Air Bubbles
Air trapped in clay
Bisque
Clay that has been fired once (No longer a liquid, but a solid)
Bisque Fire
First firing, slow fire (This is where the clay goes through its chemical change)
Bone Dry
When the clay is as dry as it can be before firing
Burnishing
Polishing clay with a spoon
Carving
Cut out pieces from the clay
Coiling
When you build with rope lengths of clay
Crawling
When the clay doesn't stick to glaze (This is because the dust on the clay was not cleaned)
Dipping
Glazing the piece by dipping it in a pot of glaze; this will give it an even coat
Drape Mold
Placing a slab into a mold (It takes the mold's shape)
Firing
Heat kiln to a specific temperature (about 1800F)..LOW Fire
Foot
The base added to the pottery
Glaze
Color given to the clay (made from glass, pigment, and water)
Greenware
Piece of formed clay, but it is yet to be fired
Grog
Bisque dust [added to reclaim bucket to give the reclaim clay a stiffer body]
Incising
Scratch the clay for decorative purposes
Joining
Slip and score two pieces together
Kiln
Oven capable of high temperatures
Kiln Shelf
Ceramic shelves used to stack and load kiln
Kiln Wash
Paint put on kiln shelves so that the glaze doesn't stick to the shelves
Leather Hard
Semi-dry clay (Good for carving and joining)
Maturation Point
The temperature where chemical change occurs
Matt Glaze
Glaze that doesn't shine upon firing
Organic
Shapes that are naturally formed (found in nature)
Geometric
Mathematical shapes (Can be found with calculations)
Peep Hole
Holes in the sides of the kiln used for venting the kiln
Pinch Pot
Clay pot made with hands (fingers)
Plasticity
The work ability of the clay
Reclaim
Recycle greenware
Scoring
When the clay is scratched in order to join it to another piece of clay
Slip
Liquid clay body (When there is more water than clay)
Stilts
Small metal and ceramic piece that holds the glazed pottery above the kiln shelf
Sculpture
When 3D clay is built in an additive and subtractive process
Shrinkage
When clay shrinks after being fired; shrinks about 15-25%
Slab
Working with flat pieces of clay (used to fold/geometric form)
Stacking
Process of loading the kiln
Terra Cotta
Brown, earthen-wear clay
Throwing
Process of creating pottery on the pottery wheel
Under Glaze
Any glaze applied to the clay or bisque that will require further glazing later
Warping
When the clay changes its shape due to improper drying
Wedging
Kneading clay to get it to the right plasticity (Removes air)
Banding Wheel
Small wheel used for decorative purposes
Loop Tool
Used to stir clay, sgraffitoing, or pulling clay away
Rolling Pin
Used to flatten clay
Wire Tool/Cutting Wire
Used to cut large chunks of clay
Elephant Ear
A sponge used to wet clay's surface
Modeling Tool
Wooden tool used to manipulate clay (ex. incising)
Texture Stamps
Anything that is pressured into the clay to make a texture
Slab Roller
Used to roll out large pieces of clay
Fettling Knife
Dull knife used to cut clay
Pin Tool
Used for incising and scoring
Spoon
Use to smooth or burnish the clay
Craftsmanship
How well the pottery is made
Utilitarian Concerns
What you can use the pottery for
Originality
"Ding Ding" I didn't think of doing that
Form
Creative piece
Function
Piece made from another object
Formation of Pottery...Bucket to Display Case
Forming, Bisque, Wash, Glaze, Fire, Touch Up, Fire Again
Decorating Pottery
Incising, Burnishing, Sgraffito, Add something to it, Modeling it
Importance of Wedging
This technique removes air from the clay, getting the clay to its proper plasticity