Chapter 1 Matter and Change

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Mr R's Summer Chemsitry


the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter and the changes it undergoes


a substance that has a definite compostion


is the measure of the amount of matter


anything that takes up space and has mass


the smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of the element


a pure substance that is made up only one kind of atom


a substance that is made from the atoms of two or more elements tht are chemically bonded

Extensive properties

properties that depend on the amount of matter that is present

intensive properties

properties that do not depend on the amount of matter

physical change

a change in a substance that does not involve a change in the identity of the substance

change of state

a physical change of a substance from one state to another


matter that has a definite shape and volume


matter that does not have a definite shape but does have a definite volume


matter that has no define shape or volume


matter at a high temperature in which the atoms have lost their electrons

chemical property

relates to a substance's ability to undergo changes that transform it into two or more new substances


substances that react in a chemical reaction on the left of the -->


substances that are formed in a chemical reaction on the right side -->


a blend of two or more kings of matter, each of which retains its own identity and properties


mixtures that are uniform in composition


mixtures that are not uniform in composition


vertical columns in the periodic table


vertical coumns in the periodic table


horizaontal rows in the periodic table


an element that is a good conductor of heat and electricity


an element that is not a good conductor of heat and electricity


an element that has characteristics of both a metal and a non-metal

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