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24 terms

Unit 7 Vocab Quiz

WWII
STUDY
PLAY
Totalitarianism
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
Anti-Semitism
Hatred of Jews
Reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war.
Fascism
Type of government that existed in Italy during the 1930s and 40s. This party is the opposite of Communism.
Nazism
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
Nationalism
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
Appeasement
When Great Britain and France gave into the demands of Italy and Germany as aggressors to avoid another world war.
Rationing
Taking items that are in short supply and distributing them according to a system. For instance, during World War II, gas, sugar, and butter were a few of the items rationed in the United States.
War Bonds
Short-term loans that individual citizens made to the government that financed two-thirds of the war's cost.
Neville Chamberlain
Prime Minister of Great Britain from -1940. Famous for appeasing Hitler at the Munich Conference.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers
Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Internment Camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Pacific Theater
The Part of the War fought in Asia and Oceania
European Theater
The other half of the war Fought in Europe and North Africa
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Battle of Normandy
invasion of Allied forces in Normandy, France during Operation Overload
V-E Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
V-J Day
August 15, 1945 - the Victory in Japan Day when the Japanese surrendered
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Einstein and Oppenheimer
Scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project
Quotas
established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year