Bach was Minister of Interior in Austrian Empire. Devised system to repress all nationalism within the empire (Slavism, magyarism, Italianism and Germanism). Tried to create a solid unitary system and used reforms in legal code, free trade for empire, a common external tariff, improvements in the infrastructure, etc. to do this. Goal was for people to forget liberalism because would be satisfied by efficiency and material progress. The liberal view of the Bach system was that it was nothing more than..."a standing army of soldiers, sitting army of officials, kneeling army of priests and a creeping army of informers."