Upgrade to remove ads
OTA - Frames of Reference
Terms in this set (38)
What is the theoretical basis of Biomechanical?
Anatomy, Physiology, and Kinesiology
What are the theoretical assumptions for Biomechanical?
loss of ROM, strength and endurance can be remediated.
Function/Dysfunction continua for Biomechanical?
Structural stability, endurance, edema, ROM and strength
Indicators of function/dysfunction for Biomechanical?
measured by observations, measurements and testing
Postulates regarding change for Biomechanical?
orthoses, positioning, rest, stress, increase duration/intensity, strength, heat, stretch
What is the theoretical basis for Neurodevelopmental?
Neurology and developmental theories
What is the theoretical assumptions Neurodevelopmental?
remediate foundation skills that make, normal movement is learned by experiencing what normal movement feels like, normal movement can not be imposed on abnormal muscle tone, the brain has plasticity.
Function/dysfunction continua for Neurodevelopmental?
axial control, automatic reactions, limb control with specific focus on scapula and pelvic mobility and stability
Indicators of function/dysfunction for Neurodevelopmental?
by observations - reflex development, automatic reactions, synergies, muscletone (manual and visual observation)
Postulates regarding change for Neurodevelopmental?
hypertonia can be inhibited, axial control can be facilitated, reflex inhibiting patterns and desired combinations of movement patterns then automatic reactions can be facilitated.
Theoretical base for Rehabilitation?
Systems theories and learning theories (teaching-learning process)
Theoretical assumptions for Rehabilitation?
A person can regain independence using compensation when underlying deficits cannot be remediated. Motivation for independence can not be separated from environmental contexts.
Function/dysfunction continua for Rehabilitation?
addresses ADL, work and leisure
Indicators of function/dysfunction for Rehabilitation?
Ability to safely perform ADL, home management tasks, work skills and behaviors, ability to participate in meaningful leisure activities. - assessed by observation and interview
Postulates regarding change for Rehabilitation?
If the therapist uses adaptive devices, orthotics, environmental modifications, aids, education - then independence in ADL will be maximized.
Populations most common for Rehabilitation Frame?
Populations most common for Biomechanical Frame?
arthritis, cardiac patients, knee/hip, shoulder replacement, carpal tunnel syndrome, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, spina bifida, cerebral palsy
Theoretical base for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
Neurophysiology, Anatomy, Kinesiology
Theoretical Assumptions for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
Normal movement and posture are dependent upon balanced integration of antagonists. Motor development, motor behavior. Improvement of motor ability is dependent on motor learning.
Function/dysfunction for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
Addresses movement patterns and postures.
Indicators of function/dysfunction for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
smooth controlled functional movement patterns of the head, neck, trunk, and extremities
Postulates regarding change for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
If the therapist prevents or corrects imbalances between antagonists, then normal movement and posture are possible. therapist assists the person through reversing movements then there is interaction of the antagonists.
Populations most common for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation?
Theoretical base for Role Acquisition?
Sociology, psychology and behavioral learning theories
Theoretical assumptions for Role Acquisition?
The individual has an inherent need to explore the environment. What an individual must learn (roles) specified by society, learning basic skills, social roles. Typical develop - person is free to explore and acquire interests, goals, and competencies. Atypical develop - environment is not conducive to learning, either in past or present. Purposeful activities including individual and groups.
Function/dysfunction continua for Role Acquisition?
hierarchy of task skills and interpersonal skills forming the base family interactions, ADL, school/work, and play/leisure/recreation forming the middle, temporal adaptation making up the top.
Indicators of Function and Dysfunction for Role Acquisition?
adequate participation in the physical, cognitive, and psychological aspects of tasks. Initiation and participation in interpersonal interactions. Appropriate play, leisure, recreation and ADL's. Skills assessed through evaluation , survey and interview
Postulates regarding change for Role Acquisition?
long term goals are set based on the clients expected environment. socialization and behavior changes
Populations common for Role Acquisition?
Theoretical base for Behavioral Frame?
Experimental psychology, classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning theories.
Theoretical assumptions for Behavioral Frame?
A person's behavior is predictable, measurable, and objective. A person's verbalization and self-descriptions are behaviors. The environment gives positive or negative reinforcement of a person's behavior.
Function/dysfunction for Behavioral?
The focus of this frame is on the behaviors that elicit or inhibit functioning in the areas of ADL, work, and play/leisure. There is an emphasis on the stimuli that act as cues to the behavior and the reinforces for specific behaviors.
Indicators of function/dysfunction for Behavioral?
Age appropriate, culturally acceptable behaviors that contribute to or interfere with adaptive function. Behaviors necessary for adequate function in the person's natural environment. The frequency of specific adaptive/maladaptive behavior. The ability for the person to discriminate among stimuli and to generalize learning effectively. - Eval. by observation and rating of task performance and interview using questionnaires or behavior checklists.
Postulates regarding change for Behavioral?
positive/negative reinforcement. shaping behaviors.
Populations most common for Behavioral frame?
Theoretical base for Cognitive-Behavioral Frame?
Social learning, cognitive and behavioral theories
Theoretical Assumptions for Cognitive-Behavioral?
A person makes decisions regarding behavior based in part on what he or she expects will be the outcome. A person's emotions and feelings are interdependent with what he or she knows and believes. Cognitive change is a gradual process. Self-monitoring can be learned.
Function/dysfunction for Cognitive-Behavioral?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Medical Conditions in OT glossary terms
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Frames of Reference
Frames of Reference
(Models of OT & Frames of Reference)
Frame of References
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
NBCOT - Mental Health
OTA for Adults Final
Phys Dys Ch 28 Neurogenic and Myopathic Dysfunction
Phys Dys Ch 19 The Older Adult