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125 terms

Top SOL Terms

Top SOL Terms on the SOL - surprise!
STUDY
PLAY
Descriptive
Writing that uses details and imagery so that the reader can "see" the topic better
Expository
Writing that tries to give information to the reader so they can understand the topic better
Narrative
Writing that tells a story, usually in chronological order
First draft
The first time you write out your paper, where you pay more attention to ideas than grammar
Final draft
The last time you write your paper, after you've made all the revisions and edits you can
Fragment
A sentence that is missing pieces
Concise
To put something as shortly and specifically as possible
Point of view
The perspective from which a story is told - using I, You, They
Point of view
The way you see an idea, unique to you
Tone
The writer's attitude and emotions toward the topic
Specific
stated clearly or in detail
Relevant
Actually necessary to the topic
Irrelevant
Having nothing to do with the topic
Transition
a word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph. (Ex. Then, Next, In conclusion, etc)
Narrow
Limit your topic or examples so they are all about one clear thing.
Elaboration
Adding details until everything is very clear
Edit
Find the grammar mistakes in your paper and fix them
Revise
Find the problems with order and unclear word choice in your paper and fix them
Formal
Strict, must put in effort to make it as perfect as you can
Cause-Effect Order
Putting a paper in order so that causes lead to their effects
Thematic Order
Putting a paper in order of ideas, so all ideas are together
Importance Order
Writing a paper so that you build it by the importance of your reasons (most important is often last)
Thesis statement
The most important part of your paper, at the end of your intro, it tells what your paper is about
Compare
Show how things are alike
Contrast
Show how things are different
Introduction
The start of your paper, you do not go into your evidence
Conclusion
The end of your paper, you only repeat your main points
Supporting paragraph
You only go into one topic and you use it to help prove your point, or your thesis
Thesis
Your point, or the opinion you are sharing in your paper
Accuracy
Correctness, exactness
Adequacy
Being enough to do the job
Narrative Hook
The first sentence you write, it's to get the reader's attention
Voice
The style you write in, like the way you speak, and how it reveals your personality
Persuasive
Writing where you try to convince the reader of your point of view
Metaphor
a comparison without using like or as
Hyperbole
figurative language that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
Simile
a comparison using like or as
Symbolism
when a thing represents more than just itself
Cliché
an overused saying or idea
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem or song that constitute a division (in prose: paragraph)
Foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Setting
the time and place of a story
Dialogue
a conversation between two persons in prose or drama
Character
an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story),described through a process called characterization
Imagery
description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Stage directions
The specific instructions (in parentheses) a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.
Quotations
the exact words of a source or character set off in quotation marks
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Sources (Resources)
Places where you get information that will answer your questions
Summary
a brief overview that presents the main points in a concise form
Heading
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
Sarcastic
a mocking or nasty remark intended to hurt or wound another's feelings
Understatement
saying less than one means for humorous effect (the opposite of hyperbole)
Conflict
problem in the story that drives the plot forward
Theme
Message or statement about life in the story
First Person
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
Third Person
narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he/she/they
Alliteration
repetition of the beginning sound in words, like "Silly Sally" or "Golly Gosh"
Personification
figurative language in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Requirement
something that is necessary
Biography
nonfiction story of a person's life written by another person
Paradox
a statement that seems self-contradictory or obviously wrong but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Pun
a joke, or "play on words," based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things
Narrator
the person telling the story
Mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
Plagiarism
taking credit for someone else's writing or ideas
Audience
the people who are meant to read or watch your work
Thesis
the main opinion or idea shared by a writer or speaker
Figurative
using figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; usually to have a bigger impact
Reliable
Able to be depended on; trustworthy
Exaggeration
making to seem more important than it really is
Opinion
a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
Fact
an idea whose truth can be proved
Cite
to mention, refer to, quote (for proof or example)
Main idea
what a piece of writing is mainly about
Chronological order
the order in which events happen in time
Spatial order
organizes the description of items according to their position or closeness to each other
Compare/Contrast order
organizes the description by how two things are alike or different
Problem/Solution order
organizes by first describing the problem and then giving a solution for it
Infer
To use available evidence to form a conclusion; to guess
Illustrate
clarify by giving an example of
Conclude
reach a decision, come to an end
Evaluate
Examine and judge carefully.
Excerpt
a passage taken from a longer book or article
Evidence
Supporting facts used to prove or disprove something
Purpose
reason for doing something
Context
Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
Analyze
consider in detail in order to discover meaning and purpose
Tension
a feeling excitement and expectation the reader or audience feels because of the conflict, mood, or atmosphere of the work
Key words
words that help you search for resources on an internet source or help you discover meaning in text
Significant
Important
Informal
casual, relaxed, everyday
Villain
the main bad character in a film or work of fiction
Aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
Flashback
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
Satire
a literary work that makes fun of and criticizes human faults
Apostrophe
figurative language in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
Synonym
a word that means the same as another word
Resumé
a summary of your academic and work history that you turn in when applying for a job
Allegory
A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent ideas
Personal Essay
an essay that tells the writer's personal opinion, beliefs, or ideas about a subject
Editorial
an article giving opinions or perspectives
Tall Tale
highly exaggerated story with humor, often set in the United States
Slant rhyme
Words that almost end with the same sounds
Internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
End rhyme
The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
Fable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
Legend
a very old story which may be based on actual people and events but is not historically true
Diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
Omniscient
the narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.
Dialect
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
Objective
undistorted by emotion or personal opinions
Literal
meaning exactly as written or spoken
Resolution
something settled or solved
Suspense
Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story
Plot
the action of a story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
Emphasize
to give special attention to something, to stress
Topic
subject people think, write, or talk about
Broad
not detailed or specific, big picture
Proofread
to read over and fix mistakes
Outline
describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of
Persuade
to convince
Rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Foil
a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another