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62 terms

APUSH Final Review

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The early 17th century English settlement in Virginia was at first a
corporate colony with many investors
Bacon's Rebellion contributed to the rise of slavery in teh Chesapeake region
by convincing the landholding elite that the presence of a large white indentured servants was dangerous and that the colonies' labor needs should be met by slaves
when they settled in the New World, the Puritans
pictures themselves as a select few chosen by God to preserve true Christianity in America
the Puritans believed that Native Americans
had been placed in America by "the devil" to prevent the spread of the Gospel there
the British policy of "salutary neglect" of the American colonies in the early 18th Century meant
relaxing supervision of the colonies' internal affairs while concentrating on the defense and trade policies
Which of the following statements most accurately describes sexuality in the 18th century New England?
young people increasingly used premarital pregnancy to force their parents into allowing them to marry
The great awakening of the 1740's and the 1750's
fostered rural cooperation
Farmwives throughout the colonies contributed to their families by
performing a wide range of duties both inside and outside the house and in the families' fields; they were subordinate yet essential contributors to the family's welfare
which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Pontiac's uprising
in the peach settlement of 1763 that Pontiac eventually signed with the British, whites were barred from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
The Regulators in South Carolina during the 1760's were
a vigilante group that imposed moral discipline on the "low people" in the western regions of the colonies
Thomas Jefferson's vision for the future of the United States included
western territories populated by independent yeoman farmers
the Coercive Acts, passed in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea incident, included a
all of the above
Yeoman and tenant farmers, influenced by the Second Great Awakening
administered strict discipline to their children
Missouri Compromise of 1820
provided for Maine to enter the Union as a free state in 1820, and Missouri to enter as a slave state the following year
The Townshend Act of 1767 imposed duties on
paper, paint, glass, and tea imported into the colonies
In the mid-1770's, the Loyalists
feared that the violence the rebels were using to enforce non importation would lead to mob rule
Of the following statesmen, the one most instrumental in arranged the Missouri Compromise was
Henry Clay
In the United States, between the 1780's and about 1820, the "national market" meant that
entrepreneurs were mobilizing the large rural workforce to manufacture and distribute goods throughout the US
Alexander Hamilton
opposed congressional plans for a tariff to protect domestic industries
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the trends in birthrates during the early nineteenth century?
The United States experienced a significant decrease in the birthrate- especially among native-born white women in the growing seaport cities, who averaged only 4 children
The Second Great Awakening deeply influenced American cultural and social action because
it challenged the Calvinist doctrine of predestination and helped to make American intellectual culture more optimistic
The Patriots succeeded in the American Revolution mainly because
about 2/3 of the population supported to war to some degree, and the army fought on its own territory
The whiskey rebellion was significant for all the following reasons except
when he learned that Thomas Jefferson covertly supported the insurgents, Washington publicly broke with him, precipitating open party conflict
The Lewis and Clark expedition was dispatched primarily to
report on the physical features and the plant and animal life of the Louisiana Territory, in which Jefferson took great interest in
The decision in the case Marbury v. Madison (1803) is of the great importance in American history because
it marked the first occasion on which the Supreme Court declared that it had the power to rule national laws unconstitutional
In their protests against the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson and Madison
took the fight to state legislatures, setting forth a states' right to interpretation of the Constitution
The spread of the cultural attitude known as sentimentalism in the early 19th century America had which of the following consequences
it deeply influenced the kind of literature people read and the plays they saw
What control did parents have over their children's marriages by the 1800?
because land holdings shrank, parents lost leverage over their children s choices of marital partners
A political ideology that repudiates rule by kings and princes and celebrates a representative system of government and a virtuous, public-spirited citizenry is called
republicanism
the major legacy of Shay's rebellion was that it
illustrated the need for a strong federal government
Under the Articles of Confederation
each state retained its sovereignty and independence
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the emergence of the textile industry in the United States?
American textile producers improved on British technology
In the 1824 US Supreme Court case of Gibbons v. Ogden, the Marshall Court
declared illegal a New York law that granted monopoly on steamboat travel into New York City
One social change resulting from the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century America was that members of the upper class
openly distanced themselves by values and lifestyle from wager earners in contrast to the shared cultural and religious values that had united the gentry and ordinary folk in the 18th century
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes immigration during the 1840s and 1850s?
Most of the Irish who arrived were poverty-stricken peasants
The Nativist clubs that formed in response to the growth of Catholicism in the United States called for all of the following except
an amendment to the Constitution forcing Catholics to renounce the pope or lose their right to vote
The "corrupt bargain", the political intrigue that resulted when the presidential election of 11824 was decided in the House of Representatives, consisted of
John Quincy Adams' apparent deal with Henry Clay, whereby Clay's supporters in the House would vote for Adams, who would then name Clay his secretary of state
In repsone to South Carolina's claimed right of nullification, Andrew Jackson
asked Congress for a Force Bill authorizing him to use military to suppress any act of nullification
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Andrew Jackson's intentions toward Native Americans
he meant to remove all Native Americans east of the Mississippi, even those who had adapted to white society
In the US Supreme Court Case of Worcester v. Georgia (1832), John Marshall and the court majority
held that Indian nations were "distinct political communities.. within which their authority is exclusive"
In the Massachusetts Supreme Court Case Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842), Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw ruled that
a union was not inherently a criminal organization
Margaret Fuller
believed women, like men had a mystical relationship with God that gave them identity and dignity
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Grimke sisters
labeled "promiscuous" for speaking to mixed audiences
Lucretia Mott
organized Seneca Falls Convention with Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Between 1800 and 1860 white planters moved to the lower South to
to invest in agricultural development
Which of the following reasons does nto explain how the federal government played a major role in expanding slavery during the early 1800s'?
the federal government expanded participation in the International Slave Trade after 1807f
which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the gang-labor system of the cotton plantation labor?
gang labor included white overseers and black drivers
White southerners failed to diversify the southern economy for all of the following reasons except
they blamed white northerners for economically exploiting white southerners
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes blacks' resistance to slavery by the 1820's?
in their situation, most blacks had no choice but to build the best possible lives for themselves
the concept of Manifest Destiny included the assumption that
the citizens of the US were destined by God to dominate the "inferior" peoples of the continent
The compromise of 1850 did not include which of the following
abolition of slavery in the Oregon Territory
In 1857 Dred Scott decision, which position was not held by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney?
both the Missouri Compromise and the Kansas- Nebraska Act were constitutional
the Freedmen's Bureau
was responsible for the resettlement and distribution of confiscated land and regulated labor contracts between freedman and planters
the 14th Amendment required states to guarantee all of the following rights except
suffrage for all adult freedman
the 15th Amendment
forbade states from denying any citizen the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition as a slave.
The Stamp Act Congress was held in New York in 1765
protested loss of American rights and liberties and declared that only elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists
American women contributed to the non importation movement of 1768 by
producing homespun fabric to make colonies less dependent on British textiles
How did the outcome of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare to that crisis over the Townshend duties of 1768?
The stakes had risen; in 1765, American resistance to taxation had provoked an argument in Parliament; in 17658 it produced a British plan for military coercion
At the First Continental Congress (1774), New England delegates advocated
political union and defensive military preparation
Lord North;s ministry reacted to the resolves of the First Continental Congress by
directing the military to suppress dissidents in Massachusetts
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the military clash between British regulars and the Massachusetts militia in April 1775?
warned by Paul Revere and two other Bostonians, a small force of Minutemen vainly opposed the British at Lexington, and a larger body of Patriots confronted them at Concord; while returning to Boston, the British troops were repeatedly ambushed by militiamen and sustained heavy losses.