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Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen by and from the majoirty party in the House
president of the Senate
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice President of the United States; in a State's legislature, either the lieutenant governor or a senator
president pro tempore
The member of the United States Senate, or of the upper house of a State's legislature, chosen to preside in the absence of the president of the Senate
Members of the House and Senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet party goals
Assistants to the floor leaders in the House and Senate, responsible for monitoring and marshalling votes
Unwritten rule in both houses of Congress reserving the top posts in each chamber, particularly committee chairmanships, for members with the longest records of service
permanent committee in a legislative body to which bills in a specified subject- matter area are referred
legislative committee created for a limited time and for some specific purposel also known as a special committee
temporary joint committee created to reconcile any differences between the two houses' versions of a bill
a proposal for actoin that has the force of law when passed; usually deals with special circumstances or temporary matters
a statement of positoin on an issue used by the House and Senate acting jointly; does not have the force of law and does not require the president's signature
a measure relating to the business of either house, or expressing an opinionl doe snot have the force of law and does not require the president's signature
unpopular provision added to an important bill certain to pass so that it will "rider" through the legislative process
A procedure enabling members to force a bill that has been pigeonholed in committee onto th efloor for consideration
Committee of the Whole
A committee tha tconsists of an entire legislative body; used for a procedure in which a legislative body expedites its business by resolving itself into a committee of itself
least number of members who must be present for legislative body to conduct business; majority
Various tactics (usually long speeches) aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the U.S. Senate
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