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Terms in this set (61)
Here is the first word.
The power or authority that rules a country.
Ruled by one.
Ruled by few.
Ruled by the majority.
Government is limited by law and leaves the people alone.
The state or condition of being a member of a community with a government and laws.
The study of rights, duties, and responsibilities of a citizen.
A power, privilege, immunity, or capacity of which is secured for enjoyment to a person by law.
Love, devotion and loyalty to one's country.
A form of government in which power is held by the people and exercised indirectly through elected representatives who make decisions.
A form of democracy in which people as a whole make direct decisions, rather than have those decisions made for them by elected representatives.
Refers to the belief that every aspect of a citizen's life --work, education, science, arts, etc. must match the beliefs of those running the government.
A government that has a monarch who serves as the symbolic head of state.
Tyranny, absolute rule or despotism.
The 3 Branches of government
Legislative Branch (Article I)
Executive Branch (Article II)
Judicial Branch (Article III)
The branch of government that carries out, enforces, or executes the rules/laws. It consists of the President of the United States and his cabinet.
The branch of government that makes the laws.
The branch of government that interprets laws or tells what the laws mean.
The Ceremonial head of the United States.
The President sees that the laws of Congress are carried out and executed.
The President directs the foreign policy of the United States, making key decisions about the nation's relations with other countries.
The President is expected to suggest legislation that he wishes to see enacted. This will help guide Congress in its policy- making.
The acknowledged leader of the political party in charge of the executive branch.
Chief Economic Planner
The President is responsible for planning the economic policies of the government, which includes submitting a federal budget.
The President represents all American people.
All of the nation's armed force are under the control of the president.
A system that divides the powers of government between national government and state, or provincial governments.
Checks and Balances
The system whereby each branch of the government exercises some control over the others.
To accuse a public official of misconduct in office.
Consists of a bicameral, or two-house, legislature. The house of representatives represents the people by population, and the Senate represents the them by state. The role of congress is to translate public will into public policy in the form of laws.
A change to the Constitution.
Elects the president.
Executive Branch can...
1. Veto acts of Congress
2. Appoint judges
3. Suggest laws or policies
4. Pardon federal offenders
5. Call special sessions of Congress
The process of determining the number of representatives to which each state is entitled.
A proposed law.
A closed meeting of party members from one house of the legislature to select leaders or decide legislative business.
The law-making body of the government.
Organized efforts, usually by interest groups, to contract government officials in an attempt to influence legislative policies.
Line Item Veto
The ability of the president to veto individual items on a bill.
Means by which the president may kill a bill passed during the last ten days. Congress is in session by simply to act on it.
President of the Senate
In Congress , the vice president of the United States. He governs over the senate when it is in session.
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen by and from the majority party in the house.
One of the 6 or 8 groups within a standing committee that specializes in a subcatagory of that committee's responsibility.
Goal of Supreme Court
To interpret the constitution.
Purpose of our Courts
resolve legal disputes by applying the law to individual situations.
a ruling that sets guidelines for future similar cases.
3 levels of our court system
State supreme court
2 types of courts/ law
Civil and Criminal
How do you become a justice
You are appointed by the president and that appointment is confirmed by the Senate.
Marbury v. Madison
Establish judicial review
purpose of a jury
Determine if the defendant is innocent or guilty.
bill of rights
First 10 amendments to the constitution.
rights in the first amendment
Freedom of Speech, religion, press, Assembly, Right to petition the government.
Free Speech Cannots
-Threaten to blow up airplanes, schools, or the president.
-Create too much social chaos.
-Extremely crude language in a public form.
-Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools
Power to overturn any act of congress or executive action the Court deems unconstitutional.
Most prevalent first amendment right
Freedom of speech.
Freedom of press -cans
print politcal position, make fun of people
Freedom of Assembly- cans
protest, parade with permission
Issue in CA. vs. Greenwood
Debate over whether the search was legal or not.
Sets with similar terms
Government Study Guide
4.5 Understanding the Constitution
American Government Final Exam Study Guide