Information Systems - Introduction
CC-BY-SA source: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Information_Systems/Introduction
Terms in this set (37)
A period characterized by an economy based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland.
A set of computer programs designed to permit the user to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities.
data (raw data)
A collection of numbers or characters used as input to a system.
The collection and manipulation of items of data (input) to produce meaningful information (output).
A personal computer in a form intended for regular use at a single location due to its size and power requirements.
An economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies.
electronic mail (email or e-mail)
A method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients.
A computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
A period characterized by an economy organized for the purpose of manufacturing.
The transition to new manufacturing processes that included going from hand production methods to factories and machines.
A period characterized by an economy based on computerization.
Output from a system that gives the answer to a question of some kind.
A set of electronic circuits on a small plate or "chip" of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
A global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide.
A laptop or a notebook is a portable personal computer with a clamshell form factor, suitable for mobile use.
Computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning and transaction processing.
A computer processor that incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
A computer program designed to run on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.
The observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit has doubled approximately every two years.
A generic name given to a category of small, lightweight, legacy-free, and inexpensive computers.
netiquette (network etiquette or Internet etiquette)
A set of social conventions that facilitate interaction over networks.
A telecommunications network which allows computers to exchange data.
A profound change in a fundamental model or perception of events.
An auxiliary device that connects to and works with the computer in some way.
A general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities and original sale price make it useful for individuals, and is intended to be operated directly by an end-user with no intervening computer operator.
A computer that provides other network-connected computers with access to data and programs.
A nickname for the southern portion of the San Francisco Bay Area, which is home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, as well as thousands of tech startup companies.
A mobile phone with an advanced operating system which combines features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use.
A computer with a high-level computational capacity used for a wide range of computationally intensive tasks in various fields, including quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, climate research, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling and physical simulations.
A type of portable PC that de-emphasizes the use of traditional input devices (such as a mouse or keyboard) by using a touchscreen display, which can be controlled using either a stylus pen or finger.
An electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying data from, a computer or a computing system.
A computer or computer program that depends heavily on another computer to fulfill its computational roles.
The sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking.
A semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is the fundamental building block of modern electronic devices.
A software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
A special computer designed for technical or scientific applications and Intended primarily to be used by one person at a time.
World Wide Web
An information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URIs, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet.
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