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What is 1 + 3?
A speech in which refutation is the primary activity.
The side of the debate that argues for the change advocated in the proposition.
During the debate, this side presents arguments and evidence to support the proposition.
An effort by speakers to answer or disprove arguments presented by the other side in a
The statement of an objective reason that directly supports the position of either the
affirmative side or the negative side.
The side of the debate that argues against the change advocated in the proposition. During the debate, this side presents arguments and evidence to oppose the proposition.
The first speech given by each debater
A complete outline of all the necessary definitions, arguments, and evidence on both
sides of a proposition
Facts, statistics, expert testimony, or other specific details that directly support an
The formal statement of the issue to be debated. It should propose a specific change in
existing conditions or policies