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Transaction Analysis

A _____ is any event that has a financial impact on the business and can be measured reliably.


Every transaction has two sides: you _____ something and you _____ something

Give; receive

The accounting equation is:

Assets = Liabilities + Stockholders' Equity

An _____ is the record of all the changes in a particular asset, liability, or stockholders' equity during a period.


_____ are economic resources that provide a future benefit for a business.


_____ means money and any medium of exchange including bank account balances, paper currency, coins, certificates of deposit, and checks.


Assets, cash, accounts receivable, notes receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses, land, buildings, equipment, furniture, and fixtures, liabilities, accounts payable, notes payable, accrued liabilities, stockholders' equity, retained earnings, dividends, revenues, expenses, and common stock are considered _____.


Companies sell their goods and services and receive a promise for future collection of cash. The _____ _____ account holds these amounts.

Accounts receivable

A _____ _____ is similar to an account receivable, but a _____ _____ is more binding because the customer signed it. It usually specifies an interest rate.

Note receivable

A _____ _____ is an asset because the payment provides a future benefit for the business.

Prepaid expense

True or false: notes payable and notes receivable carry interest


An _____ _____ is a liability for an expense you have not yet paid.

Accrued liability

The owners' claims to the assets of a corporation are called _____ _____.

Stockholders' equity

The _____ _____ account shows the owners' investment in the corporation.

Common Stock

What can increase stockholders' equity?

Sale of stock and net income

What can decrease stockholders' equity?

Dividends and net loss

The _____ _____ account shows the cumulative net income earned over the company's lifetime, minus its cumulative net losses and dividends.

Retained Earnings

Dividends indicate a _____ in Retained Earnings.


The increase in stockholders' equity from delivering goods or services to customers is called _____.


The cost o operating a business is called an _____.


Expenses _____ stockholders' equity.


Total assets must always equal total liabilities plus _____.


True or false: Dividends decrease both the Cash and the Retained Earnings of the business.


True or false: Dividends are expenses.


_____ _____ data appear as revenues and expenses under Retained Earnings.

Income statement

The _____ _____ data are composed of the ending balances of the assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equities.

Balance sheet

The _____ _____ _____ _____ repeats net income (or net loss) from the income statement. Dividends are subtracted. Ending _____ _____ is the final result.

Statement of retained earnings; retained earnings

Data for the _____ _____ _____ _____ are aligned under the Cash account.

Statement of cash flows

The _____ _____ reports revenues, expenses, and either a net income or net loss for the period.

Income statement

The _____ _____ _____ _____ starts with the beginning balance of retained earnings, (zero for a new business). Add net income for the period, subtract dividends, and compute the ending balance of retained earnings.

Statement of retained earnings

The _____ _____ lists the assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity of the business at the end of the period. Included in the stockholders' equity is retained earnings, which comes from the statement of retained earnings.

Balance sheet

Each transaction affects at least _____ accounts


In a _____ account, the vertical line in the letter divides the account into its two sides: left and right. The account title appears at the top.


In a T account, the left side of each account is called the _____ side, and the right side is called the _____ side.

Debit, credit

The _____ side of an account shows what you received.


The _____ side of an account shows what you gave.


Increases in assets are recorded on the _____ ( _____ ) side of the account.

Left (debit)

Decreases in assets are recorded on the _____ ( _____ ) side of the account.

Right (credit)

Increases in liabilities and stockholders' equity are recorded by _____.


Decreases in liabilities and stockholders' equity are recorded by _____.


The amount remaining in an account is called its _____.


_____ are increases in stockholders' equity that result from delivering goods or services to customers.


_____ are decreases in stockholders' equity due to the cost of operating a business.


A debit _____ an asset account.


A credit ____ an asset account.


A credit _____ a liability account.


A debit _____ a liability account.


Accountants use a chronological record of transactions called a _____.


A _____ is a grouping of all the T-accounts, with their balances.


"Books" refer to the accounts in the _____.


Copying data to the ledger is called _____.


If an account's debits exceed its total credits, that account has a _____ _____, as for Cash.

Debit balance

If an account's credits are greater than the total debits, the account has a _____ _____.

Credit balance

A _____ _____ lists all accounts with their balances - assets first, then liabilities and stockholders' equity.

Trial balance

Another account format has _____ amount columns.


When an account format has four columns, the first pair of amount columns are for the _____ and _____ amounts of individual transactions. The last two columns are for the _____ _____.

Debit and credit; account balance

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