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53 terms

Egypt - test 1/11/20123

STUDY
PLAY
delta
small channels & streams that form a triangle of marshy land
nilometer
measuring device used to help predict the height of the coming floods
shait
first season
piruit
the season of emergence the soil is ready for planning
shaduf
type of lever made from a pole on a pivot
shemu- season of harvest
when crops are gathered by all members of family & great feasts are planned
three tools used for farming
shaduf mattack & dike
three gifts of the nile
water, bath & food
transpire
to happen, occur, take place
vast
great in size, very massive
dynasty
family of rulers throughout history
replenish
to make complete agan, to refill
abundant
of great quantity, surplus
ambitious
eager to achieve, showing exceptional effort
conceive
to form or create
diligently
done in a persistent way
bartering
the way the ancient egyptians traded goods
open markets
where egyptians did their shopping
who were some of the egyptian foreign trade partner
Lebanon, Crete Nubia & Punt
What were some of the items imported into Egypt from lebanon crete nubia
cedar, olive oil ebony ivory gold cinnamon animals stones
largest export from egpyt
papyrus- items from flax -buliding stones copper gold crops like grain
scribe
people who can read & write
papyrus
reed plant that grows abundantely along the bank of the nile river
what did the egyptians make from the hard outer layer of the papyrus reeds
boats, baskets & sandels
purpose of pounding the papyrus strips
to get rid of sap
hieroglyphics
system of writing that used over 700 pictures & signs to stand for objects, sounds & ideas
egyptians spoke
arabic
demotic
an old form of egyptian written language used for everyday purposes
rosetta stone
piece of stone found in with carvings from 3 languages: hieroglyphics, demotic & greek
jean francois champollion
solved the puzzle of the hieroglyphics & greek lettering that must mean the same
hieroglyphics are read
right to left
mastaba
first tomb where the body is buried
name three types of tombs
tutankhamen (tut), psusennes & mastaba
two types of simple machines
wedge & hammer
the people who built pyramids
laborers, slaves, farmers, massons
people are buried on which side of the nile
west side
farmers worked on building projects for the pharaoh
to honor the pharaoh who was a living God pleasing them helps you get into the afterlife
mummy
body that has been dried out
where were people first buried
in the sand which dried them out & made them as hard as a stone
it was important to mummify a body because
then the KING kA & bA would be able to recognize in the afterlife
mummification took
70 days
4 major organs removed
stomach intestine liver & lungs
canolpic jar
where organs were placed
natron
salt like substance to suck water out of body
body covered
for 40 days
resin
body was smeared with this
sarcophagus
the outer coffin that was made of stone
book of dead
collection of spells to help the soul travel through the underworld which was full of monsters traps mazes & other dangers
opening of the mouth ceremony
gave mummy ability to speak eat & move in afterlife
Akenaten
he changed the religion from the belief in many gods to only one god
King Tut
he was a boy pharaoh that came after akentan and changed the egyptian ways to what they were like before
ramses II
bulit more temples
Cleopatra
came from powerful family, a greek ruling family that lasted more than 300 years