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small channels & streams that form a triangle of marshy land


measuring device used to help predict the height of the coming floods


first season


the season of emergence the soil is ready for planning


type of lever made from a pole on a pivot

shemu- season of harvest

when crops are gathered by all members of family & great feasts are planned

three tools used for farming

shaduf mattack & dike

three gifts of the nile

water, bath & food


to happen, occur, take place


great in size, very massive


family of rulers throughout history


to make complete agan, to refill


of great quantity, surplus


eager to achieve, showing exceptional effort


to form or create


done in a persistent way


the way the ancient egyptians traded goods

open markets

where egyptians did their shopping

who were some of the egyptian foreign trade partner

Lebanon, Crete Nubia & Punt

What were some of the items imported into Egypt from lebanon crete nubia

cedar, olive oil ebony ivory gold cinnamon animals stones

largest export from egpyt

papyrus- items from flax -buliding stones copper gold crops like grain


people who can read & write


reed plant that grows abundantely along the bank of the nile river

what did the egyptians make from the hard outer layer of the papyrus reeds

boats, baskets & sandels

purpose of pounding the papyrus strips

to get rid of sap


system of writing that used over 700 pictures & signs to stand for objects, sounds & ideas

egyptians spoke



an old form of egyptian written language used for everyday purposes

rosetta stone

piece of stone found in with carvings from 3 languages: hieroglyphics, demotic & greek

jean francois champollion

solved the puzzle of the hieroglyphics & greek lettering that must mean the same

hieroglyphics are read

right to left


first tomb where the body is buried

name three types of tombs

tutankhamen (tut), psusennes & mastaba

two types of simple machines

wedge & hammer

the people who built pyramids

laborers, slaves, farmers, massons

people are buried on which side of the nile

west side

farmers worked on building projects for the pharaoh

to honor the pharaoh who was a living God pleasing them helps you get into the afterlife


body that has been dried out

where were people first buried

in the sand which dried them out & made them as hard as a stone

it was important to mummify a body because

then the KING kA & bA would be able to recognize in the afterlife

mummification took

70 days

4 major organs removed

stomach intestine liver & lungs

canolpic jar

where organs were placed


salt like substance to suck water out of body

body covered

for 40 days


body was smeared with this


the outer coffin that was made of stone

book of dead

collection of spells to help the soul travel through the underworld which was full of monsters traps mazes & other dangers

opening of the mouth ceremony

gave mummy ability to speak eat & move in afterlife


he changed the religion from the belief in many gods to only one god

King Tut

he was a boy pharaoh that came after akentan and changed the egyptian ways to what they were like before

ramses II

bulit more temples


came from powerful family, a greek ruling family that lasted more than 300 years

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