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24 terms

World History CH. 5-6 Set 2 (midterm 2012)

STUDY
PLAY
During the classic period of Maya civilization, Maya cities
were mostly independent city-states
Maya cities are especially well known for their
huge stone temples and palaces
According to Aztec mythology
gods in Teotihuacan created the world
What were the geoglyphs of the Nazca people?
desert etchings that probably had spiritual meaning
Characteristic of the Inca
They owned little property thus there was little trade
The Ancestral Puebloans protected themselves from raiders by building
housing complexes on cliffs
We know the Hopewell people trades across a wide area from
objects such as shells, from the Gulf of Mexico
the "clan mother" of the Iroquois
could name or remove members from a governing council
Though their culture disappeared, the traditions of the Mississippian people were preserved
through the Natchez people who adopted their religion
How did early people in Mesoaamerica adapt to theor environment in a way that allowed the population to expand?
They domesticated plants and animals
Scholars believe the colossal carved heads of the Olmec culture are protraits of
Olmec leaders
Characteristic of Maya cities
were sometimes governed by women
The nomadic people who migrated into the Valley of Mexico about AD 1200 are known as the
Aztecs
Slaves in Aztec society could
own land and buy their freedom
Early Andean culture that constructed the largest adobe structure in the ancient Americas
Moche
What helped Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui establish the first dynasty of the Inca?
He enlisted conquered peoples into his armies
quipu
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep records
Role of the "chosen women" in the Inca culture
They studied religion and served Inti, the sun god.
All the roads in the great Inca network led through the capital
Cuzco
The Anasazi people used their large underground chamber called a kiva
for religious and political meetings
Characteristic of Mississippian culture
their great center, Cahokia housed as many as 20,000 people
The Inuit people were most likely to travel
by kayak in open waters
Stelae in Maya culture
tall structures depicting Maya rulers and gods
The oldest culture in the Andean region
the Chavin