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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
History Chapter 9
Terms in this set (56)
What was the 19th century American belief of our nation's destiny to expand across the North American continent called?
What ocean did Americans believe our nation's western border was destined to reach during this period?
What U.S. acquisition of territory in 1803 begun our nation's destined march across North America?
What four territories did the United States acquire during the following years to complete our nation's march across North America to the Pacific Ocean?
1. 1845- Texas
2. 1846- Oregon
3. 1848- Mexican Cession
4. 1853- Gadsden Purchase
What type of foreign policy involves a nation extending its authority by territorial acquisition through use of force if necessary?
What is another term that describes an aggressive foreign policy with a willingness to use force to acheive a nation's desired goals?
Members of what political party were hawkish in the pursuit of Manifest Destiny?
For what two reasons were the National Republicans/ Whigs against the United States pursuing Manifest Destiny?
1. feared of losing political power with the expansion of agriculture
2. more demand in slaves
What was the main interest at stake as the United States pursued Manifest Destiny?
For what five reasons did many Americans want to pursue Manifest Destiny?
1. Britain going after the land before they do
2. more farming land
3. Pacific Ports for trade with Asian countries
5. Anglo- Saxonism
From what country did Mexico gain its independence in 1821?
In what Mexican province were Americans invited to settle after Mexico won its independence?
For what economic reason did Mexico invite Americans to settle this province after gaining its independence?
to develop the land and grow cotton and Mexico would tax the cotton in order to gain money for the government
What five incentives did the new Mexican government offer Americans to encourage them to come and settle Texas?
1. political freedom
2. free land
3. low taxes
4. religous freedom
5. allowing slaves
What was the mexican government afraid of possibly happening if the number of Americans in Texas continued to increase at such a rapid rate?
Americans gaining independence
What four measures did the Mexican government begin to enact in 1830 to clamp down on americans living in Texas?
1. no more immigration
2. no more self government
3. no more religious freedom
4. no more slaves
What did the Americans in Texas do to protest these measures?
wrote a petition
Who went to Mexico City to formally protest against the Mexican government's crackdown on the Americans in Texas?
What did the Mexican government do to the American representative?
What did Texans do as a result of mexico's punishing laws and its treatment of Steve Austin?
Who was the "george Washington" of the Texas Revolution?
at what battle were nearly 200 texans killed by Mexican troops at the start of the Texas Revolution?
the Battle of the alamo
What became the American battle cry after the devastating loss of lives at this battle?
remember the alamo
At what battle did American forces capture mexico's leader Santa Anna, force him to surrender and recognize Texas independence?
Battle of San Janto
For how many years did Texas remain an independent country before Congress finally voted to admit it to the Union in 1845?
What territory did both Britain and the United States share occupation of during the early 1800s?
Why did Americans first come to settle the Oregon Country during the 1830s?
1. fur trading
2. misonary work
What was the big issue of the 1844 Presidential Election?
annexation of Texas and Oregon
Who did the Democrats nominate to run for president in 1844?
James K. Polk
From what state was the canidate?
What was this canidate's position on annexing Texas and Oregon?
Who did the Whigs nominate to run for president in 1844?
From what state is this canidate?
What was this canidate's position on annexing Texas and Oregon?
What were the two most recent states admitted to the union at the time of the Election of 1844?
Arkansas and Michigan
What was the total nymber of electoral votes cast in the election of 1844?
What was the minimum number of electoral votes you neede to win the Election of 1844?
Who won the presidential election of 1844 and became the eleventh president of the United States?
Many Jingoists who voted for Polk demanded that our government take all of Oregon country from britain, even if it required a war. What was their slogan?
54-40 or fight!
How was the joint occupation of Oregon between Britain and the United States eventually settled?
What five states were either partially or entirely carved out of the part of Oregon territory the United States acquired in 1846?
What did Mexico and the United States argue over when the United States acquired Texas in 1845?
What river did the United States claim was the boundry between Texas and Mexico?
Rio Grande River
What river did Mexico claim was the boundry between Texas and Mexico?
What war erupted between the United States and Mexico over this dispute?
What was the name of the territory the United States acquired from mexico as a result of winning the war?
What seven states were either partially or entirely carved out of the territory the United States acquired from Mexico?
7. New Mexico
Who were the 49ers in American History?
people of the Gold Rush
What religious group was founded by Joeseph Smith in upstate New York in 1820?
What Mormon practice was the cause of their persecution while they lived in New York and Illinois?
Who was responsible for leading the Mormons to settle the Mexican Cession after their original founder was murdered?
Where in Mexican Cession did the Mormons establish their settlement?
Salt Lake City
What is the name of the last acquisition of territory in the contiguous United States?
From what country did the United States purchase this territory?
For what purpose did the United States purchase the territory?
construction for the transcontinental railroad
Partsof whattwo states were carved out of this territory?
Arizona and New Mexico
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
United States History
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
Creating America: Beginnings through Reconstruction
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