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125 terms

MBLEX practice exam

Exam 20
STUDY
PLAY
How is research validated?
Further research to replicate findings
What are the heart, liver, and lungs?
Organs
What consists of elongated cells that can use ATP to generate force?
Muscle tissue
Which system includes sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and breasts?
Integumentary
What is the fleshy part in the middle of the muscle?
Belly
*Which is the "rest and digest" nervous system?*
Parasympathetic
What are irregular small bony plates found at the end of long bones and in the center of other bones?
Periosteum
Which system includes glands such as the hypothalamus, hypophysis, thyroid, and thymus?
Endocrine
*What is the universal recipient blood type?*
AB positive
What type of immunity is genetically determined?
Innate
Which system controls sex hormones and includes the female mammary glands?
Reproductive
*What is the range of the length of the phase of healing in which the bleeding stops and inflammation occurs?*
2-3 days to 2-3 weeks
Which region of the trunk has twelve vertebrae?
Thoracic
*Which means the ends are bent inward, or bent toward the midline:><, knock-kneed?*
Valgus deformity
Where is the humerus relative to the radius?
Proximal
Which region of the trunk has five vertebrae?
Lumbar
What is the belly referred to in the Shiatsu method?
Hara
*Which dermatone is located by the toes, the most inferior?*
L5
Which of these muscles inserts on the clavicle?
Subclavius
Shin splints are pain in what bone?
Tibia
*Where is the medial epicondyle of the humerus?*
Directly medial from olecranon process
What progresses down the spine?
Lamina groove
*Where are the jugular notch, sternal angle, and xiphoid process?*
T2, T4 and T10 of vertebral column
What is the functional class of the joints where the bones of skull meet?
Synarthrosis
*Which is an action of infraspinatus?*
Adduct the shoulder
*Which muscle inserts on the head of the fibula?*
Biceps femoris
Which muscle pronates and supinates?
Branchioradialis
Which muscle decreases the space of the thoracic cavity?
Internal intercostals
*What is an eccentric contraction of the biceps femoris?*
Sit ups
Deep knee bends
Squats
*Which proprioceptors send impulses to the central nervous system that lead to muscle relaxation?*
Golgi tendon organs
*What are small movements essential for proper joint function?*
Joint play
Which is a hinge joint?
Elbow
What is pain from an amputated limb?
Phantom pain
What is a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence?
Trauma
What is the relative constant state maintained by the physiology of the body?
Homeostasis
Which is generally indicated for massage?
Joint stiffness
*What refers to the tendency for oscillating bodies to move in a synchronized, harmonic manner?*
Entrainment
What is a progressive inflammatory condition that may affect any part of the GI tract?
Crohn's disease
What are the implications for massage for a client taking anticoagulants?
Avoid massage methods that can lead to bruising, including compression
*What are the implications for massage for a client taking anti-inflammatory medications?*
Avoid techniques that could cause inflammation
Feedback mechanisms are not accurate
The massage could reduce muscle spasms
What natural supplement is used for coughs?
Eucalyptus
*What is mainly caused by a Vitamin D deficiency?*
Rickets
What are symptoms of a disease?
The described problems of a disease
What are internal perceptions or external stimuli that demand a change in the body?
Stressors
*What is the second stage of the general adaptation syndrome?*
Resistance reactions
*What is medial epicondylitits?*
Golfer's or pitcher's elbow
Which nerve is associated with both supinator and the latural head of the triceps?
Radial
*Where is the inguinal triangle endangerment site?*
Sartorius, adductor longus, inguinal ligament
*What is a reflexive effect of massage?*
Pain reduction
*What is an effect of massage on the skin?*
Reduces superficial keloid formation
*Which condition can benefit from massage?*
Skin conditions such as mild dryness
Stress and anxiety
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
*Which is increased as one of the effects of massage?*
Number of red and white blood cells
*What are body polishes, cold mittens, dry brush massages, ice massages, salt glows, and shampoos examples of?*
Frictions
For which condition could cold be applied?
Swelling
Which is best for moving from one stroke to another?
Effleurage
*Which stroke would be best for bronchitis?*
Cupping
What is not a physical effect of massage?
Reduced stress
What is a psychological effect of massage?
Reduces stress
What is a stimulating massage technique?
Strong percussion for a short period
What massage movement brings about a dilation and flushing of the massaged area?
Deep stroking
Which is a petrissage movement?
Kneading
Which is a trembling or shaking movement?
Vibration
*Which stroke is appropriate for tendonitis?*
Deep-transverse friction
Which lifts muscles off bone?
Petrissage
Which stroke is best for insomnia?
Effleurage
Which is a contraindication for pregnancy massage?
Pre-eclampsia
What is a benefit of massage for the critically ill?
Improve mobility
Control pain
Allow for a more positive attitude
When should heat therapy be avoided?
Acute stage of injury
What is not an effect of R.I.C.E.S. treatment?
Vasodilation
If a client has kyphotic-lordotic posture, what is the most appropriate treatment?
Lengthen adductor longus and oblique capitis superior
*If a client has a tendency towards kyphosis and a depressed chest, what is the most appropriate treatment?*
Lengthen anterior internal and external obliques
*What is done if a client has the knee in a flexed position with medical rotation of the leg on the thigh?*
Lengthen popliteus
What would trigger points along the lateral neck flexors, horizontal arm abductors, internal arm, rotators contribute to?
Brachial plexus impingement
What would be a good position for performing on-site corporate massage?
Seated
What is the use of touch to examine?
Palpation
Where on the SOAP chart is verbal information that clients share documented?
Subjective
*Which are relatively slow to respond?*
Postural muscles
What could cause a hot area?
Muscle spasm
Which muscles are elongated and weak with kyphotic-lordotic posture?
External obliques
*As feet are influenced by shoes with heels, what tends to increase with heel height?*
In-toeing
Pigeon-toes
Tendency toward parallel position from out-toeing
Which are long and weak with the left hip adducted and medially rotated, right hip abducted and feet pronated?
Left peroneus longus and brevis and right tibialis posterior
What is the assessment when the shoulders are depressed and the scapulae abducted?
Weak upper trapezius
Where is the gravity line in the side view of standing posture?
Coronal plane
*How does a therapist test arm adductors?*
Client holds position against therapist's lateral pressure on arms
What is the next step of the client consultation after performing a preliminary assessment?
Formulate treatment plan
Where on the SOAP chart would the therapist's suggestions for stretches be documented?
Plan
What would not require treatment for whiplash?
Quadriceps
*What is golfer's elbow?*
Medial epicondylitis
*Which is a treatment for bursitis?*
Cold in the acute stage
Deep moist heat in the chronic stage
Joint play for hypomobile joints
*What involves a thickening of the IT band?*
Iliotibial band contracture
In polarity therapy, what does the right side represent?
Positive expanding energy
What was developed by Boris Chaitow and Stanley Leif to relieve tender muscle tissue and compressed nerves that refer pain?
Neuromuscular therapy
What would an aromatherapy bath or massage oil of chamomile, jasmine, geranium, and rose be used for?
Soothing
*Which massage system uses many of the Swedish movements?*
German
What is associated with neuromuscular therapy?
Ischemic compression
Skin rolling
Stretching
Which is an energy technique?
Therapeutic touch
*What would exist when a therapist sold products to a client?*
Dual role
What is appropriate touch?
Terapeutic touch
Which section of a standards of practice would contain guidance on personal limitations and relationships?
Roles and boundaries
What is a consideration regarding touch when giving chair massages at an international airport for foreign tourists?
Cultural influences
What is an example of a violation of a code of ethics?
Working on a mirror without parental knowledge
What is not a violation of a code of ethics?
Scope of practice
What is out of the therapeutic relationship?
Personal needs
*How are boundaries created, managed, and changed?*
Power differences, dual relationships, self-disclosure
Time, location, language
Clothing, space, touch, money
Who can provide consent to working on a minor?
Parents
Practicing from home without the required permits is what type of unethical behavior?
Violation of law
What is appropriate for a therapist to do when seeing a client in a restaurant?
Do not bring up anything about the massage
What is the therapist doing when observing tight muscles?
Assessment
*What is a condition that prompts dual relationships?*
Employment
What is done by associates rather than governments?
Credentialing
What is unethical?
Discrimination based on gender or sexual orientation
A recently licensed therapist working under the supervision of an experienced professional involves what type of issue?
Power differential
*What is a guideline for the massage table?*
72 to 76 inches long
*What uses phenols, bleach, or alcohol?*
Disinfection
What is a safety practice regarding housekeeping and sanitation?
Store clean linens in a closed cabinet
Store soiled linens in a closed container
Maintain handwashing facilities with germicidal soap
What is a first aid safety practice?
Keep a first aid kit on the premises
Learn first aid and CPR
Keep emergency information in plain view
What reduces strain on the practitioner's neck?
Keep the head up and the shoulders down and relaxed
Which horse stance is best for which stroke?
Petrissage
What ensures that the client stays warm and feels safe and comfortable?
Draping
What is the recommended number of servings per day of the milk, yogurt, and cheese group?
2 to 3 servings
Who prepares W-2 forms?
Employer
How are donated services used?
Marketing
What is the initial cost of beginning a business?
Start up costs
Which protects against malpractice?
Professional liability insurance
What should be most important for therapeutic massage and bodywork professionals?
Caring