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increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, such as a shock
the initial stage of linking the neutral and the unconditioned stimulus so that neutral stimulus becomes conditioned stim
the stimulus that produces the unlearned response to a perviously neutral stimulus
the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned and stimuli that do not elicit the response
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior
learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it
increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, such as shock. Any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens the response.
increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. A positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response
something that is naturally reinforcing, such as food (if you are hungary), warmth (if you are cold), and water (if you are thirsty)
reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement
punishment that occurs with the removal of a stimulus and thus decreases the probability of a behavior's recurring
Following an undesired response by adding an unpleasant stimulus to decrease the likelihood of the behavior reoccurring
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher
consistent, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specific time
consistent, reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specific number of responses
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