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57 terms

Arkansas - Multimedia II

Multimedia II vocabulary words in the following units: Video-Preproduction, Video-Production, Video-Postproduction, and Animation
STUDY
PLAY
Footage
term used to indicate videotape created with a camcorder
Panning
horizontal rotation of camera
Preproduction
planning video
Tilting
vertical rotation of the camera during a shot
Tripod
a three-legged mounting device for a camcorder
Videographer
a person skilled in the art or practice of making video shows or movies with a video camera
Zooming
the ability to bring an object closer or move away from an object
Video camera
a camera that takes continuous pictures by breaking down the image into a series of lines and generates a signal for display and recording
Backlight
a camcorder feature that boosts the video signal power to obtain optimal image brightness; also known as "automatic gain control"
White balance
a camcorder adjustment in which the videographer adjusts the color responses of the camera by showing the camcorder the color "white" under the current lighting conditions or selecting the icon on the display that best describes the lighting situation (indoor, outdoor, etc.)
Script
the audio portion (narration) of a project that gives details and information about the topic; the words said aloud by the characters in the video
Storyboard
representation of what each screen of a multimedia project will look like and how the screens are linked; often hand-drawn sketches
Codec
compression/decompression programs used to reduce the size of files
Cuts
two adjacent video clips with no transition; one clip is immediately replaced with another
Duration
setting length of clip/image
Fading
a dissolve to or from a background color (often black)
Frame
a single still image in a video or animation
Frame rate
the speed at which frames appear on a display, measured by frames per second
Frame size
also referred to as resolution, expressed by the horizontal and vertical dimensions, in pixels, of a frame; i.e., 640 by 480 pixels
Import
to bring information into a computer or computer program
Linear editing
editing in a sequential order; i.e., VHS, cassette tape
National Television Standard Committee (NTSC)
the standard broadcast system used in the United States and Japan
Phase Alternation Line (PAL)
the standard broadcast system used in Europe and Australia
Production
creating and editing video
Render
to build a preview or project
Scrubbing
manual preview
Superimpose
layering images or video
Chroma key
process whereby overlay cards display video on the screen and one of the colors becomes transparent; any place the transparent color appears, you see the video input
Frames per second (FPS)
how many frames (or individual pictures) display in one second
Nonlinear editing
not editing in a sequential order; i.e., CD, DVD
RCA cable
cable that usually has a yellow, a red, and a white plug that is used to connect a camcorder to a VCR, DVD, or capture card on a computer
Aspect ratio
ratio of width to height in the dimensions of a frame; i.e., frame aspect ratio of NTSC video is 4:3, some motion-picture frame sizes use a more elongated aspect ratio of 16:9
Timeline
part of video editing window that displays tracks
Title
adding words to video
Transition
special effects, such as fade in and fade out, that can be set to occur between frames in an animation
Video capture
the process of transferring video to the computer
Video editing
making changes to taped footage
Voice overlay
a voice track over music or video
Video Home System (VHS) tape
a strip of magnetic media - usually consisting of a plastic/Mylar base, a layer of metallic particles, and a bonding agent - onto which video and audio signals can be recorded
Audio Video Interleave (AVI)
the three-character filename extension for Microsoft Windows standard video format
Firewire
cable, also known as IEEE-1394, that carries digital video signals, which include audio, video, and control (stop, start, etc.) signals
Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG)
a file format that provides frame-to-frame compression
Postproduction
final stages of video production
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
an external bus standard that supports data transfer rates of 480 mbps (480 million bits per second)
Windows Media Video (WMV)
video file format that can be viewed in Windows Media Player
MOV
file extension for a QuickTime movie
S-video
a video format that records a high-quality video signal on an SVHS videocassette that carries at least 400 lines of resolution but is the same size and shape as a regular VHS videocassette
Animation
a simulation of movement or the perception of motion created by the rapid display of a series of still images
Frame
a single still image in a video or animation
Looping
repeating a function until a certain condition is met
Morphing
animation technique in which one image is transformed into another image
Transition
special effects, such as "fade in" and "fade out," that can be set to occur between frames in an animation
Warping
a special effect that results in distortion of an image
Vector animation
moves an object along a predetermined path on the screen; the path could be a straight line or it could include any number of curves; often the object does not change, although it might be resized or reshaped; also known as path animation
Frame animation
a type of animation that is based on the changes that occur from one frame to another; sometimes known as cell animation
Rendering
the final step in creating a 3-D animation that involves giving objects attributes such as colors, surface textures, and degrees of transparency
Tweening
short for in-betweening, the process of generating intermediate frames between two images to give the appearance that the first image evolves smoothly into the second image